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Table 4 Perceived barriers to the implementation of EBM in clinical practice

From: Effectiveness of national evidence-based medicine competition in Taiwan

Likert’s 5-point scale(± SD) Before contest After contest pvalue*
Personal barrier    
 Difficulty in literature searching 2.90 ± 0.83 2.77 ± 0.79 0.006
 Difficulty in critical appraisal 3.08 ± 0.87 3.15 ± 0.84 0.143
 Difficulty in forming answerable questions 2.62 ± 0.93 2.49 ± 0.82 0.008
 Lack of basic knowledge 2.70 ± 0.91 2.64 ± 0.87 0.253
Organizational barrier    
 Lack of designated personnel 2.70 ± 1.01 2.74 ± 0.95 0.505
 Lack of support from authorities 2.63 ± 0.99 2.52 ± 0.87 0.061
 Lack of support from colleagues 2.79 ± 0.96 2.83 ± 0.93 0.469
  1. * Pair-sample t test.
  2. Higher points represent more barriers.