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Table 2 Specialty preference of medical students and number of required doctors in one prefecture from two surveys

From: Gender differences in specialty preference and mismatch with real needs in Japanese medical students

  Preference rate (%)a p-valueb Employed doctor survey Hospital director survey
Specialty Men Women Total   Required Lacking Required Lacking
Internal medicine 50.7 56.1 52.8 0.24 854.2 128.2 797.5 211.3
General surgery 31.3 16.0 25.4 <0.01 335.5 60.5 287.6 45.3
Pediatrics 17.3 31.7 22.7 <0.01 92.5 11.5 89.4 28.6
Psychiatry 12.6 18.0 14.7 0.10 161.0 11.0 150.3 34.4
Orthopedics 23.0 9.0 17.6 <0.01 184.8 30.8 167.3 55.9
Neurosurgery 14.7 8.5 12.3 0.04 98.5 18.5 89.3 26.2
Obstetrics & gynecology 4.0 26.3 12.7 <0.01 93.1 18.1 92.9 29.7
Ophthalmology 9.4 16.4 12.1 0.20 56.3 6.3 47.6 11.9
Otolaryngology 9.0 13.2 10.6 0.14 60.8 10.8 44.8 11.8
Dermatology 8.6 19.0 12.7 <0.01 34.1 4.1 32.5 13.6
Urology 2.7 7.9 4.7 <0.01 85.8 16.8 74.1 16.4
Radiology 9.0 9.0 9.0 0.99 84.7 8.7 74.0 17.2
Plastic-cosmetic surgery 5.3 13.2 8.4 <0.01 8.7 0.7 15.1 3.2
Anesthesiology 12.0 15.9 13.5 0.22 80.5 14.5 75.3 29.0
Emergency medicine 22.3 14.4 19.3 0.03 33.0 9.0 37.0 31.4
  1. a Proportion of students who responded "4: high probability" or "5: very high probability" of future choice (from scores 1 to 5)
  2. b Comparison between men and women with chi-squared test