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Table 3 Qualitative study appraisal

From: Exploring culinary medicine as a promising method of nutritional education in medical school: a scoping review

Criterion Dreibelbis & George, 2017 Ring et al., 2019 Pang et al., 2019 Hennrikus et al., 2020 Rothman et al., 2020 Lieffers et al., 2021 Poulton & Antono, 2021 Hashimi et al., 2020 Kaye et al., 2018
Was there a clear statement of the aims of the research? Yes Yes Yes Yes No a Yes No a Yes Yes
Is a qualitative methodology appropriate? Can't Tell b No c/d Yes Can’t Tell b Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Worth Continuing? Yes No c/d Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Was the research design appropriate to
address the aims of the research?
No a No c/d Yes Yes No e No a Can’t Tell a No c/f Yes
Was the recruitment strategy appropriate to the aims of the research? No a No d No c Yes Yes No a Can’t Tell a No a/d Yes
Was the data collected in a way that addressed the research issue? Can't Tell a/b Yes Yes Can't Tell b No g Can’t Tell a Yes Can’t Tell c Yes
Has the relationship between researcher and participants been adequately considered? No a/f No a No a No a No a No a Can’t Tell a Can’t Tell a No a
Have ethical issues been taken into consideration? Can't Tell a No a No a No a No a Can’t Tell a Can’t Tell a No f/a Yes
Was the data analysis sufficiently rigorous? No a/b/f/g No No b/f No b/f Can't Tell g No g Can’t Tell f No f/a No f
Is there a clear statement of findings? No g Yes No f Yes Yes No g No f/g Yes No a
Uncertainty Score 13 12 10 8 11 7 9 10 6
  1. Reasons: aNot reported, bSelection bias/Convenience sampling/Elective course, cPoorly designed surveys, dInadequate controlling for multiple confounders, eHigh attrition rate, fNot performed, gPoor overall quality of study, hLow sample size