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Table 1 Questionnaire design, variables, and definitions

From: Working intentions of medical students in response to healthcare workplace violence and descending resources reform in China

Category Question item Variable Definition
Working intention Your desire to practice medicine after reform Y 1 decrease, 2 no change, 3–5 slight, significant, and very significant increase, respectively
Your desire to practice medicine in low-level hospitals after reform Y1 1–5 variables defined as Y
Demography Your education level Education 1 technical degree, 2–5 college, bachelor, Master, and PhD degree, respectively
Your grade Grade 1–5 variables for different grades
Are you a targeted-area student Target 1 for Yes, 0 for No
Working environment Your perceived level of respect for doctors Respect 1–5 very low, low, moderate, high, and very high, respectively
Your frequency of concern about violence Concern 1 never, 2 rarely, 3–5 occasional, frequent, and high, respectively
Your perceived incidence of violence Violence 1–5 very low, low, moderate, high, and very high, respectively
Your perceived improvement in incidence of violence after reform Y2 1–5 very low, low, moderate, high, and very high, respectively
Policy Your degree of recognition of reform Recogn 1–5 very low, low, moderate, high, and very high, respectively
Perceived policy effect Policy 1-5 negative, no effect, positive, good, and very good, respectively
health policy or anti-violence lesson Lesson 1 for Yes, 0 for No
Legal environment Government’s violence prevention Legal_A 1–5 very weak, weak, moderate, strong, and very strong, respectively
Government’s response to violence Legal_B 1–5 variables defined as Legal_A
Legislative punishment for violence Legal_C 1–5 variables defined as Legal_A
Anti-violence law enforcement Legal_D 1–5 variables defined as Legal_A
Hospitals’ protection for medical staff Legal_E 1–5 variables defined as Legal_A