Skip to main content

Table 2 Results of paired T-test comparing cultural awareness score before and after the workshop

From: Effects of an internationalization at home (IAH) programme on cultural awareness among medical and nursing students in Hong Kong and Indonesia during the COVID-19 pandemic: a mixed-methods study

  Pre-test score Post-test score df t value p value
M (SD) M (SD)    
General education & research experience 74.10 11.07 80.39 13.85 60.00 −3.23 <  0.001
Behaviors/comfort with interactions 31.70 7.58 35.77 9.70 55.00 −2.72 0.01
Cognitive Awareness 35.00 5.02 36.89 5.90 65.00 −2.22 0.03
Clinical issues 25.96 4.31 28.12 4.78 67.00 −3.01 <  0.001
Cultural awareness score total score 164.67 19.03 179.63 29.36 51.00 −3.23 <  0.001
  1. Remarks: The cultural awareness sale (CAS)generated four subscale scores. This includes general educational experience (subscale score ranges from 15–105),behaviors/comfort with interactions (subscale score ranges from 8–56), cognitive awareness (subscale score ranges from 7–49), clinical issues (subscale score ranges from 5–35). It also generates a total score ranging from 35 to 245, with higher score indicating higher cultural awareness