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Table 2 Opinions and attitudes of healthcare students towards COVID-19 vaccines and their history, exposures and experience of the COVID-19 outbreak. Unweighted numbers and weighted proportions in percent. COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy study among healthcare students, France, January–February 2021 (n = 1465)

From: Cross-sectional study on COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy and determinants in healthcare students: interdisciplinary trainings on vaccination are needed

n (%)* Total
N = 1465
Female
N = 1219
Male
N = 246
Were you in internship during the epidemic(y/n) 1103 (97.8) 913 (97.2) 190 (99.7)
If yes, did you take care of COVID-19 patients? (y/n) 670 (58.5) 550 (59.6) 120 (54.6)
Have you been infected with COVID-19?
 Yes, with a positive test that proves it 199 (14.7) 165 (14.2) 34 (16.6)
 Yes, I am convinced of it, but I did not perform a test 119 (8.4) 98 (8.3) 21 (8.7)
 No/I do not know 1147 (76.9) 956 (77.5) 191 (74.7)
Have there been any cases among your relatives? (y/n) 1020 (68.1) 851 (68.6) 169 (66.3)
If yes, were they hospitalized for COVID-19? (y/n) 188 (12.9) 167 (14.4) 21 (7.8)
Regarding your feelings since the beginning of the epidemic, which sentence(s) do you agree with?
 I feel or have felt isolated 841 (57.2) 704 (57.0) 137 (57.9)
 I am or was anxious 488 (34.4) 430 (36.8) 58 (25.4)
 I am or was concerned about my health 218 (16.5) 197 (17.8) 21 (11.7)
 I am or was concerned about my relatives’ health 1051 (74.9) 901 (76.1) 150 (70.1)
 Following the courses online was difficult 968 (71.0) 818 (71.2) 150 (70.1)
Have you been vaccinated against the flu this winter? (y/n) 353 (26.7) 272 (25.3) 81 (74.7)
Do you intend to be vaccinated against COVID-19?
No hesitancy:
  Yes, definitely 576 (36.7) 427 (31.6) 149 (54.9)
  Yes, probably 286 (18.7) 231 (17.3) 55 (23.5)
Hesitancy:
  Maybe 257 (17.6) 242 (20.2) 18 (8.5)
  No, probably not 184 (13.5) 171 (15.4) 13 (6.7)
  No, certainly not 159 (13.5) 148 (15.5) 11 (6.4)
If “No hesitancy” was answered: what are the reasons for being vaccinated against COVID-19?
I want to protect myself against COVID-19 609 (70.8) 463 (71.2) 146 (69.7)
I want to protect my household members against COVID-19 802 (93.3) 614 (93.6) 188 (92.7)
I want to avoid COVID-19 transmission to patients 722 (84.6) 548 (83.9) 174 (86.2)
I want to be part of the epidemic control 694 (79.2) 527 (78.8) 167 (80.0)
I want to have my social, cultural, sporting interactions back 756 (88.4) 575 (88.3) 181 (88.7)
I believe that available vaccines are safe and efficient 466 (52.8) 330 (48.2) 136 (62.8)
If “Hesitancy” was answered: what are the reasons for being vaccinated against COVID-19?
I prefer preventive measures or wearing mask to protect myself 196 (35.1) 185 (36.1) 11 (26.9)
I prefer to wait the safety of new vaccines demonstrated 456 (76.2) 428 (77.5) 28 (66.1)
I am afraid of side effects 319 (54.7) 298 (54.9) 21 (53.6)
I am against vaccination in general 20 (4.3) 19 (4.3) 1 (3.5)
I am not at risk-population of severe COVID-19 disease 192 (32.3) 173 (31.7) 19 (41.1)
I do not think new vaccines be efficient enough 208 (36.4) 196 (38.4) 12 (33.0)
I do not trust public authority about COVID-19 vaccination 196 (36.4) 177 (35.2) 19 (46.6)
I think vaccines serve the pharmaceutical industry 94 (18.1) 84 (16.1) 10 (34.9)
Have you downloaded the contact tracing mobile app (“TousAntiCovid”)? (y/n) 503 (31.3) 412 (31.4) 91 (30.9)
What are the sources you commonly use to inform yourself about COVID-19 vaccines?
 Television news, radio, 24-h news channels … 1232 (88.4) 1028 (89.5) 204 (84.3)
 Written press (daily press, digital newspapers …) 612 (44.0) 481 (41.6) 131 (52.5)
 Social media (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram …) 807 (56.8) 673 (58.0) 134 (52.7)
 Searching keywords on internet 235 (17.1) 177 (15.0) 58 (24.6)
 Institutional website (vaccination-info-service …) 344 (25.5) 270 (23.5) 74 (32.5)
 Recommendations (HAS, specialties college) 467 (35.9) 370 (33.9) 97 (43.1)
 Scientific journals 242 (17.9) 180 (15.4) 62 (26.4)
 University courses 242 (19.0) 191 (17.4) 51 (24.7)
 I don’t look for information 57 (4.2) 49 (4.1) 8 (4.2)
Some activities (trip, social events …) must be determined by the individual COVID-19 vaccination status
 Agree 580 (38.1) 443 (34.0) 137 (52.7)
 Neither agree or disagree 307 (20.5) 268 (21.8) 39 (15.8)
 Disagree 558 (41.4) 489 (44.3) 69 (31.5)
  1. * %: proportions weighted on gender and training courses category
  2. Students in the “common and first year of several health studies” are exclude because they do not do an internship
  3. (y/n): yes/no questions. For these questions, only the statistics for the “yes” modality are mentioned in the table