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Table 3 Quantitative analysis process

From: An online Delphi study to investigate the completeness of the CanMEDS Roles and the relevance, formulation, and measurability of their key competencies within eight healthcare disciplines in Flanders

EXPERT A healthcare professional… R1 R2 R3 R1 R2 R3 R1 R2 R3b
Operates within own occupational remit and ability. 97.6% 90.2% 82.9%
Carries out clinical assessment and implements a patient-centric care plan. 100% 95.1% 68.3% 100%
Plans and carries out investigations and “therapies” for the purpose of diagnosis and/or treatment. 95.1% 82.9% 63.4% 91.4%
Puts in place a care plan for continuation of treatment, and further consultation as necessary. 97.6% 78% 63.4% 100%
Actively contributes to the continued improvement of healthcare quality and patient safety, both as an individual, and as part of a team. 100% 95.1% 61% 82.2%
COMMUNICATOR Builds professional (therapeutic) relationships with clients/patients and their families. 94.7% 94.7% 78.9%
Accurately collects and synthesizes relevant information, taking into account the perspectives of clients/patients and their families. 100% 92.1% 84.2%
Shares information about health conditions and plans with clients/patients and their families. 100% 92.1% 71%
Involves clients/patients in the development of the care plan that reflect the needs and goals of the patient. 100% 86.8% 63.2% 94.3%
Documents and shares written and electronic contact information about the client / patient to optimize the clinical diagnosis, client/patient safety, confidence and privacy. 97.4% 78.9% 81.6%
COLLABORATOR Works purposefully with other care givers in both own and other disciplines. 94.7% 92.1% 70.3%
Works with colleagues from own and other disciplines to foster understanding, acknowledge differences and resolve conflict. 94.7% 91.1% 60.5% 85.2%
Transfers the care of client/patient to other physicians, facilitating continuity of care. 94.7% 100% 60.5% 97.1%
LEADER Contributes to the improvement of healthcare in teams, organizations and systems. 92.1% 84.2% 47.4% 83.3%
Engages in the management of healthcare resources.
Contributes actively to the efficient use of resourcesa.
73.7% 52.6% 86.1% 29% 75%
Demonstrate leadership in professional practice. 86.8% 86.8% 57.9% 83.3%
Manages career planning, finance, and human resources of the practice.
Manages his/her career planning, takes into account finances and manages human resources when appropriatea.
60.5% 57.6% 74.3% 60.5% 80.6% 18.4% 63.9% 62.9%
HEALTH ADVOCATE Addresses the individual needs of the client/patient by discussing his/her health inside and outside the clinical environment. 100% 86.8% 65.8% 85.5%
Addresses the health needs of communities or populations by lobbying for systemic changes in a socially responsible manner.
Promotes the health of communities and populations by contributing to system-level changes (lifestyle, social, financial) in a socially accountable waya.
68.4% 66.7% 74.4% 60.5% 58.3% 88.5% 13.2% 48.6% 71,4%
SCHOLAR Commits to the continuing improvement of professional activities through lifelong learning. 100% 100% 60.5% 94.5%
Educates students and teaching physicians, colleagues in other disciplines and the wider population. 92.1% 94.7% 44.7% 88.9%
Introduces best available evidence-based insights into practice. 97.4% 94.7% 68.4% 94.5%
Contributes to the creation and dissemination of knowledge and new practices applicable to health. 89.5% 84.2% 34.2% 91.7%
PROFESSIONAL Demonstrates commitment to clients/patients through the application of best practice and ethical standards. 100% 92.1% 86.8%
Demonstrates commitment to society through recognition of and answering to society’s expectations of healthcare. 92.1% 73.7% 31.6% 52.8% 68.6%
Demonstrates commitment to the profession through the adherence to professional standards and corresponding legal requirements (law). 97.4% 92.1% 78.9%
Demonstrates commitment to personal health and wellbeing in order to promote optimal care. 92.1% 76.3% 52.6% 69.5%
  1. Extra information
  2. aValidated context-specific formulations
  3. bIn round 3, enabling competencies were added to validate the measurability criterion