Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of flipped classroom medical students and traditional lecture-based classroom students before propensity score matching (n = 113)

From: Implementing a flipped classroom model in an evidence-based medicine curriculum for pre-clinical medical students: evaluating learning effectiveness through prospective propensity score-matched cohorts

Variable LB group (n = 68) FC group (n = 45) p-value
n/mean %/sd n/mean %/sd
Age 23.85 (1.09) 23.20 (3.17) 0.121
Sex      0.606
 Male 39 (57.4%) 28 (62.2%)  
 Female 29 (42.6%) 17 (37.8%)  
Admission route      0.207
 Interview 33 (48.5%) 16 (35.6%)  
 Recommendation 13 (19.1%) 7 (15.6%)  
 Examination 22 (32.4%) 22 (48.9%)  
Student Loan      0.089
 Yes 4 (5.9%) 7 (15.6%)  
 No 64 (94.1%) 38 (84.4%)  
Part-time job      0.285
 Yes 22 (32.4%) 19 (42.2%)  
 No 46 (67.6%) 26 (57.8%)  
Personalities (Big Five Mini-markers)
 Extroversion 46.12 (10.59) 42.02 (11.77) 0.056
 Openness 45.87 (5.42) 46.46 (9.29) 0.667
 Neuroticism 38.61 (8.09) 39.53 (8.42) 0.564
 Conscientiousness 48.60 (6.98) 49.66 (7.81) 0.451
 Agreeableness 54.28 (7.05) 53.58 (7.07) 0.606
Past academic performance 4.39 (0.95) 4.83 (0.78) 0.011
Pre-course test score in the EBM class 6.03 (1.65) 7.31 (1.41) < 0.001
  1. sd Standard deviation, LB Lecture-based, FC Flipped classroom, EBM Evidence-based medicine