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Table 4 Differences in the number of points achieved in the OSCE station with and without phone call distraction. Negative values indicate less points in the OSCE station with phone call distraction.

From: Effect of phone call distraction on the performance of medical students in an OSCE

Step Mean
Difference
p
Medical History
 Pain (where, how, when, why) 0.0136 .573
 Vegetative Symptoms (nausea, vomiting, fever, bowel movements) -0.0408 .287
 Prior medical history (prior illnesses, prior operations) -0.1463 <.001
 Medications and allergies -0.1531 <.001
Physical Examination
 Correct positioning of the patient 0.098 <.001
 Inspection (verbalizing the results) -0.1469 <.001
 Auscultation of the abdomen in all four quadrants -0.0435 .032
 Percussion of the abdomen -0.185 <.001
 Palpation of the abdomen (starting in a non-painful region) -0.0027 .707
Signs (depending on the scenario) -0.0218 .195
 Diverticulitis: rebound tenderness   
 Cholecystitis: Murphy’s sign   
 Appendicitis: Blumberg’s sign   
Diagnosis
 Naming the correct diagnosis and further diagnostic steps -0.0476 .136
Communication
 Communication with the patient (professional behavior, clear communication, showing empathy, hygiene) -0.0068 .495