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Table 2 Distribution of physicians’ responses to several statements used for assessing knowledge, attitude, and practices of physicians in Romania about Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and information about the five sub-scores and the total score representing physicians’ knowledge about ASD in Romania identified based on Factor Analysis applied to physicians’ responses (N= 383)

From: Construct validity for the self-reported competency and sub-construct associated characteristics of Romanian physicians in autism spectrum disorder

Questions or statements * Statement is True (T) or False (F) Frequency of physicians N (%**) Latent characteristics of variables involved in the Factor and Factor-like sub-score
Agree Disagree
1. Children with autism are often detached from their family and peers. a T 280 (73.1) 96 (25.1) Factor 1: Physicians’ knowledge of stigma related to ASD
Sub-score 1 = Q10 + Q11 + Q12
2. Autism is a possible result of neglect by the parents. b F 160 (41.8) 217 (56.7)
3. Autism is a precursor for schizophrenia. a F 175 (45.7) 201 (52.5)
4. It is often difficult to distinguish between autism and schizophrenia. c F 215 (56.1) 160 (41.8) Factor 2: Physicians’ knowledge of potential cause (s) of ASD
Sub-score 2 = Q2 + Q3 + Q4 + Q5
5. Autism is more prevalent in higher socioeconomic classes. c F 191 (49.9) 184 (48)
6. Children with autism are not affectionate. b T 179 (46.7) 198 (51.7)
7. Children can grow out of autism. b F 353 (92.2) 24 (6.3) Factor 3: Physicians’ knowledge of the behavior of children with ASD
Sub-score 3 = Q1 + Q6
8. Children with autism require special education. d T 361 (94.3) 18 (4.7)
10. There is a stigma against autism in my community. e T 191 (49.9) 188 (49.1) Factor 4: Physicians’ knowledge of misconceptions about ASD
Sub-score 4 = Q7 + Q14
11. Diagnosing a child with autism will lead to discrimination against this child and his/her family. ͩ T 239 (62.4) 137 (35.8)
12. In general, there is a negative opinion toward children diagnosed with autism. a T 189 (49.4) 189 (49.4)
14. Autism is preventable e F 160 (41.8) 217 (56.7) Factor 5: Physicians’ knowledge of educational needs related to ASD
Sub-score 5 = Q8
Total score based on the 12 questions used in Factor Analysis   Total score = Q1 + Q2 + Q3 + Q4 + Q5 + Q6+ Q7+ Q8+ Q10 + Q11+ Q12+ Q14
  1. *Participants were asked, “indicate your response to each of the following statements”. Questions 9 and 13 were dropped from the analysis due to their ambiguity. ** Row percentages may not add up to 100% due to missing data; for a there are 7 missing data; for b there are 6; for c there are 8; for d there are 4; and for e there are 5