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Table 3 Respondents’ classification of the use of antibiotics, frequency of antibiotic use, and source of antibiotics in the last 12 months (n = 824)

From: Antimicrobial stewardship: Assessment of knowledge, awareness of antimicrobial resistance and appropriate antibiotic use among healthcare students in a Nigerian University

Variable Number of students Percentage
Ailments ₼ (n = 1031)   
Malaria
Cough
175
168
16.9
16.3
Sore throat 164 15.9
Common cold 125 12.1
Typhoid 107 10.4
Genitourinary infections 96 9.3
Diarrhea
Diseases of the skin
88
62
8.5
6.0
Ulcer 29 2.8
Sexually Transmitted diseases 17 1.8
Antibiotics ₼ (n = 967)   
Amoxicillin
Ciprofloxacin
Metronidazole
265
166
157
27.5
17.2
16.2
Amoxicillin + clavulanic acid 136 14.0
Tetracycline
Erythromycin
95
63
9.8
6.5
Penicillin 37 3.8
Doxycycline 30 3.1
Azithromycin 18 1.9
Source of Antibiotic (n = 824)   
Community pharmacy 432 52.4
Hospital 192 23.3
Patent Medicine Vendor 150 18.2
Friends and family 50 6.1
Frequency of use of Antibiotic ₼ (n = 866)   
When needed 663 76.6
Once yearly 44 5.1
Once every 3 months 40 4.6
Monthly 22 2.5
Weekly 55 6.4
Never 42 4.8
Source of drug information about dosage and duration of use of antibiotic (n = 354)
Patient information leaflet in the drug 104 29.4
Family and friends 67 18.9
Curriculum/classroom 60 16.9
Textbook 54 15.3
Internet (Medscape, google and others) 41 11.6
Print media (newspaper and Magazines) 15 4.2
Social media 13 3.7
  1. = multiple responses