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Table 3 Responses on a 5-point scale to the question: “How would you rate your skills in the following areas?” among Sudanese medical students (n = 761)

From: Evidence-based medicine (EBM) for undergraduate medical students in Sudan: sources of information, knowledge about terms, skills related to EBM and attitude toward EBM in Sudan

How would you rate your skills in the following areas? Poor Limited experience Average Above Average Advanced Students with EBM training Students without EBM training P – Value*
Locating professional literature. 234 (30.7 %) 251 (33.0 %) 197 (25.9 %) 68 (8.9 %) 11 (1.4 %) 2.34 ± 1.01 2.11 ± 1.01 0.004
Searching online databases. 154 (20.2 %) 192 (25.2 %) 258 (33.9 %) 123 (16.2 %) 34 (4.5 %) 2.76 ± 1.06 2.53 ± 1.13 0.006
Critical appraisal of a scientific publication reporting findings from clinical research. 319 (41.9 %) 253 (33.2 %) 147 (19.3 %) 32 (4.2 %) 10 (1.3 %) 2.03 ± 0.98 1.85 ± 0.93 0.025
Identifying knowledge gaps in practice (fields where not enough scientific literature is available to answer specific clinical question). 271 (35.6 %) 255 (33.5 %) 176 (23.1 %) 49 (6.4 %) 10 (1.3 %) 2.23 ± 1.00 1.98 ± 0.97 0.002
Critical appraisal of available scientific literature. 273 (35.9 %) 265 (34.8 %) 173 (22.7 %) 39 (5.1 %) 11 (1.4 %) 2.20 ± 0.97 1.95 ± 0.95 < 0.001
Identifying patient-relevant clinical questions. 178 (23.4 %) 254 (33.4 %) 210 (27.6 %) 96 (12.6 %) 23 (3.0 %) 2.56 ± 1.03 2.32 ± 1.07 0.004
Overall score       2.35 ± 0.79 2.12 ± 0.80 < 0.001
  1. Data were presented as Mean ± SD and number (percentage)
  2. *Statistical tests performed: Mann-Whitney U test