Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of medical students who completed the online survey in Sudanese universities (n = 761)

From: Evidence-based medicine (EBM) for undergraduate medical students in Sudan: sources of information, knowledge about terms, skills related to EBM and attitude toward EBM in Sudan

Variables Overall, N = 761 EBM Training p-value*
Yes, N = 199 No, N = 562
Age (Years) 21.97 ± 1.64 22.21 ± 1.72 21.89 ± 1.60 0.117
Gender     0.003
 Female 434 (57.0 %) 95 (47.7 %) 339 (60.3 %)  
 Male 327 (43.0 %) 104 (52.3 %) 223 (39.7 %)  
Marital status     0.019
 Married 22 (2.9 %) 11 (5.5 %) 11 (2.0 %)  
 Single 739 (97.1 %) 188 (94.5 %) 551 (98.0 %)  
Year in university     0.004
 Second 177 (23.3 %) 33 (16.6 %) 144 (25.6 %)  
 Third 241 (31.7 %) 81 (40.7 %) 160 (28.5 %)  
 Fourth 166 (21.8 %) 34 (17.1 %) 132 (23.5 %)  
 Fifth 127 (16.7 %) 36 (18.1 %) 91 (16.2 %)  
 Sixth 50 (6.6 %) 15 (7.5 %) 35 (6.2 %)  
Received or attended any physical or online course in biostatistics (yes) 300 (39.4 %) 124 (62.3 %) 176 (31.3 %) < 0.001
Received or attended any physical or online course in Research methodology (Yes) 382 (50.2 %) 143 (71.9 %) 239 (42.5 %) < 0.001
Family member (parent, sibling, spouse,.etc)working in health care (Yes) 427 (56.1 %) 122 (61.3 %) 305 (54.3 %) 0.1
Frequency of reading scientific literature:     < 0.001
 Never 193 (25.4 %) 34 (17.1 %) 159 (28.3 %)  
 Daily 49 (6.4 %) 20 (10.1 %) 29 (5.2 %)  
 Weekly 130 (17.1 %) 48 (24.1 %) 82 (14.6 %)  
 Monthly or less frequent 389 (51.1 %) 97 (48.7 %) 292 (52.0 %)  
Free internet access at your university or home (Yes) 315 (41.4 %) 84 (42.2 %) 231 (41.1 %) 0.9
Internet access (Yes) 720 (94.6 %) 190 (95.5 %) 530 (94.3 %) 0.7
Which of the following do you have:     
 Private computer or laptop 454 (59.7 %) 121 (60.8 %) 333 (59.3 %) 0.8
 Tablet 145 (19.1 %) 36 (18.1 %) 109 (19.4 %) 0.8
 Smart phone 694 (91.2 %) 177 (88.9 %) 517 (92.0 %) 0.2
  1. Data were presented as Mean ± SD and number (percentage)
  2. *Statistical tests performed: Independent T-test; chi-square test of independence; Fisher’s exact test