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Table 5 Univariate associations between student characteristics and civic engagement

From: The future of physician advocacy: a survey of U.S. medical students

  Overall civic engagement Medical civic engagement Social civic engagement
Mean Score Median Score SD p-value** Mean Score Median Score SD p-value** Mean Score Median Score SD p-value**
Gender Female
(n = 127)
2.57 2.67 .41 0.0417* 2.78 3.00 .37 0.0812 2.43 2.55 .47 0.0324*
Male
(n = 112)
2.42 2.5 .47 2.69 2.86 .38 2.26 2.36 .58
Race White
(n = 140)
2.44 2.53 .49 0.0517 2.68 2.86 .42 0.0310* 2.29 2.36 .57 0.0505*
Non-white (n = 100) 2.58 2.67 .37 2.81 3.00 .28 2.44 2.55 .48
Political identification Conservative (n = 23) 2.12 2.28 .48 0.0001* 2.37 2.43 .50 0.0001* 1.96 2.00 .54 0.0001*
Independent (n = 47) 2.27 2.33 .46 2.56 2.57 .39 2.09 2.09 .56
Liberal
(n = 170)
2.62 2.72 .38 2.83 3.00 .30 2.48 2.55 .47
Future field Primary care (n = 48) 2.58 2.72 .46 0.0175* 2.75 2.93 .46 0.544 2.47 2.64 .49 0.0164*
Non-primary care (clinical and non-clinical)
(n = 151)
2.44 2.50 .45 2.70 2.86 .37 2.28 2.36 .55
Undecided
(n = 41)
2.63 2.72 .36 2.85 3.00 .23 2.49 2.55 .49
  1. * Significant P-values
  2. ** P-values calculated using the Kruskal-Wallis test