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Table 2 Comparison of knowledge in males and females

From: Hand hygiene behavior among Sri Lankan medical students during COVID-19 pandemic

Questions on knowledge All participants (n = 225) Females (n = 160) Males (n = 65) P-value
Q1. What is the minimum time needed for scrubbing during handwashing with soap and water to kill most micro-organisms? 123 (54.7) 88 (55) 35 (53.8) 0.875
Q2. Minimum time needed for alcohol-based hand rub to kill most of the micro-organisms 87 (38.6) 62 (38.8) 25 (38.5) 0.968
Q3. Which of the following are true about alcohol hand rub and hand washing     
Hand washing and hand rubbing are recommended to be performed in sequence (no) 114 (50.7) 79 (49.4) 35 (53.8) 0.542
Alcohol hand rub is more effective than handwashing (no) 179 (79.5) 135 (84.4) 44 (67.7) 0.005
Q4. Which of the following should be avoided to prevent the increased likelihood of colonization of hands?  
Wearing jewelry (yes) 206 (91.6) 145 (90.6) 61 (93.8) 0.431
Damaged skin (yes) 200 (88.8) 145 (90.6) 55 (84.6) 0.194
Regular use of hand cream (no) 59 (26.2) 45(28.1) 14 (21.5) 0.309
Q5. Which of the following statements on alcohol-based hand rubs are true?  
Apply a palmful of alcohol-based hand rub in the cupped hand 84 (37.3) 54 (33.8) 30 (46.2) 0.081
Rub only on the palmar surface of the hand (no) 206 (91.6) 146 (91.3) 60 (92.3) 0.796
Rub hands until dry (yes) 109 (48.4) 78 (48.8) 31 (47.7) 0.886
Alcohol solutions containing 60-80 % alcohol have
efficacious microbicidal activity (yes)
155 (68.9) 110 (68.8) 45 (69.2) 0.944
Q6. What are the instances where hand hygiene with alcohol rub is adequate without cleaning with soap and water?     
Before palpation of the abdomen (yes) 202 (89.7) 142 (88.8) 60 (92.3) 0.425
Before giving an injection (yes) 87 (38.6) 64 (40.0) 23 (35.4) 0.519
After removing examination gloves (yes) 92 (40.8) 61 (38.1) 31 (47.7) 0.186
After visible exposure to blood (no) 205 (91.1) 145(90.6) 60 (92.3) 0.829
After checking blood pressure (yes) 209 (92.8) 149(93.1) 60 (92.3) 0.688
  1. Pearson’s chi-squared test was used for comparisons