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Table 1 The basic characteristics, perceptions of specialty, psychological health and career indecision among medical students (n = 359)

From: The associations between coping strategies, psychological health, and career indecision among medical students: a cross-sectional study in China

Variables n (%) CDDQ LR LI II
Total participants 359 (NA) 2.42 ± 0.56 2.48 ± 0.58 2.38 ± 0.61 2.37 ± 0.66
Basic characteristics
 Sexa
  Male 150 (41.8%) 2.36 ± 0.60 2.40 ± 0.60* 2.33 ± 0.64 2.34 ± 0.71
  Female 209 (58.2%) 2.46 ± 0.54 2.54 ± 0.56 2.43 ± 0.59 2.40 ± 0.63
 Ageb
  20–22 54 (15.0%) 2.52 ± 0.53 2.56 ± 0.55 2.49 ± 0.59 2.40 ± 0.66
  23–25 178 (49.6%) 2.45 ± 0.54 2.51 ± 0.55 2.42 ± 0.58 2.41 ± 0.65
  ≥ 26 127 (35.4%) 2.34 ± 0.61 2.41 ± 0.63 2.30 ± 0.65 2.32 ± 0.68
 Registered residencea
  Urban 162 (45.1%) 2.40 ± 0.58 2.45 ± 0.59 2.37 ± 0.62 2.34 ± 0.68
  Rural 197 (54.9%) 2.44 ± 0.55 2.51 ± 0.58 2.40 ± 0.60 2.40 ± 0.66
 Study yearb
  Graduating class 115 (32.0%) 2.51 ± 0.52 2.55 ± 0.53 2.47 ± 0.58 2.48 ± 0.63
  PGY-1 122 (34.0%) 2.40 ± 0.59 2.48 ± 0.60 2.40 ± 0.63 2.33 ± 0.70
  PGY-2 61 (17.0%) 2.34 ± 0.58 2.43 ± 0.62 2.27 ± 0.59 2.32 ± 0.68
  PGY-3 61 (17.0%) 2.35 ± 0.56 2.41 ± 0.59 2.33 ± 0.61 2.30 ± 0.63
Perceptions of specialty
 Experience in a career development programa
  Yes 131 (36.5%) 2.31 ± 0.48* 2.40 ± 0.52 2.24 ± 0.51* 2.26 ± 0.60*
  No 228 (63.5%) 2.48 ± 0.60 2.53 ± 0.61 2.47 ± 0.65 2.44 ± 0.69
Psychological health
 GHQ ≥ 4 99 (28.0%) 2.68 ± 0.51* 2.75 ± 0.52* 2.67 ± 0.56* 2.63 ± 0.64*
 GHQ<4 260 (72.0%) 2.31 ± 0.55 2.38 ± 0.57 2.28 ± 0.59 2.28 ± 0.65
  1. CDDQ Career Decision-making Difficulty Questionnaire, LR Lack of Readiness, LI Lack of Information, II Inconsistent Information
  2. aIndependent t-test; bF-test; *p < 0.05