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Table 2 Medical students’ personal backgrounds and preclinical SL experience (N = 70)

From: Medical students’ preclinical service-learning experience and its effects on empathy in clinical training

Variables Scale Mean (Frequency) SD (Percentage)
Demographic characteristics
 Sex Male (36) (51)
Female (34) (49)
 Age   23.486 2.005
Preclinical SL experience
 CBST membership No (16) (23)
Yes (54) (77)
 CBST service intensity: the number of service themes the student engaged in   6.069 6.250
 CBST service intensity: the average time spent per service theme (hrs)   14.987 30.177
 ECST membership No (28) (40)
Yes (42) (60)
 ECST service intensity: the number of service themes the student engaged in   4.579 10.485
 ECST service intensity: the average time spent per service theme (hrs)   31.029 66.420
 Perceived SL self-efficacy (5-point scale)   3.400 0.824
  1. Note: SL: service learning; CBST: curriculum-based service team; ECST: extracurricular service team