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Table 2 Comparison between mean wire-bending scores obtained for six orthodontic components with LD and FC teaching methods

From: The effect of live demonstration and flipped classroom with continuous formative assessment on dental students’ orthodontic wire-bending performance

Orthodontic component Mean Wire Bending Score (SD) (Max score = 10) p-value
Live demonstration cohort
(n = 20)
Flipped classroom cohort
(n = 20)
Adams clasp 4.58 ± 1.80 6.86 ± 1.27 0.00*
Buccal canine retractor 8.58 ± 0.99 8.94 ± 0.64 0.18
Palatal finger spring 9.33 ± 1.10 9.11 ± 0.68 0.45
Southend clasp 6.33 ± 1.41 7.13 ± 1.76 0.13
Z-spring 7.54 ± 1.61 8.88 ± 0.99 0.03*
Hawley labial bow 9.26 ± 1.22 8.90 ± 0.81 0.27
  1. *p < 0.05, based on independent sample t-test