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Table 2 A Comparison of Orthopaedic and Internal Medicine Program Directors’ Perceptions of the USMLE Step 1 Pass/Fail Transition: Single-answer and Multiple-answer Multiple-choice Responses

From: A comparison of orthopaedic surgery and internal medicine perceptions of USMLE Step 1 pass/fail scoring

  Orthopaedics- N (%) Internal Medicine-N (%) p-value
How will changing to a pass/fail Step 1 affect medical students interested in orthopaedics and internal medicine?
 Allow students to focus more on learning medicine rather than studying for Step 1 13 (22.4%) 32 (25.6%) 0.641
 Encourage more research experiences 23 (39.7%) 12 (9.6%) < 0.001*
 Encourage more leadership/extracurriculars 16 (27.6%) 23 (18.4%) 0.158
 Allow students to pursue more hobbies/self-development 6 (10.3%) 27 (21.6%) 0.065
 Encourage students to attend more audition electives 34 (58.6%) 36 (28.8%) < 0.001*
 Encourage applicants to apply to more residency programs 39 (67.2%) 71 (56.8%) 0.180
 Encourage applicants to apply to other specialties in addition to their primary specialty of interest 27 (46.6%) 49 (39.2%) 0.348
What are the future implications on residency applications and medical education?
 With the change to pass/fail Step 1, medical schools should adopt a graded pre-clinical curriculum 37 (63.8) 65 (52.0) 0.810
 With the change to pass/fail Step 1, there should be a cap on the number of residency applications a medical student can submit 42 (72.4) 69 (55.2) 0.198
  1. Table 2 shows the distribution of responses, from all U.S. orthopaedic and internal medicine residency program directors, to our survey, specifically the responses to single-answer and multiple-answer multiple-choice questions. The bolded and italicized text in the table are the main questions asked in our survey. The table shows N (%) of the orthopaedic and internal medicine PDs who answered “yes” to the listed statements. An asterisk (*) indicates statistical significance (p < 0.05)