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Table 3 Knowledge regarding common clinical features of breast cancer (n = 301)

From: Knowledge of breast cancer among medical students in Syrian Private University, Syria: a cross-sectional study

    T (N = 301) F (N = 122) M (N = 179) Chi-square P-value
Feeling a mass in the breast No N (%) 3 (1.0) 1 (0.8) 2 (1.1) 0.0651 .798
Yes N (%) 298 (99.0) 121 (99.2) 177 (98.9)
Feeling a mass in the armpit No N (%) 24 (8.0) 6 (4.9) 18 (10.1) 2.61 .106
Yes N (%) 277 (92.0) 116 (95.1) 161 (89.9)
Changes in pigmentation No N (%) 37 (12.3) 16 (13.1) 21 (11.7) 0.1287 .719
Yes N (%) 264 (87.7) 106 (86.9) 158 (88.3)
Nipple discharge (other than breast milk) No N (%) 26 (8.6) 7 (5.7) 19 (10.6) 2.1865 .139
Yes N (%) 275 (91.4) 115 (94.3) 160 (89.4)
Nipple retraction (turning inward) No N (%) 33 (11.0) 11 (9.0) 22 (12.3) 0.7967 .372
Yes N (%) 268 (89.0) 111 (91.0) 157 (87.7)
Change in nipple position No N (%) 76 (25.2) 25 (20.7) 51 (28.5) 2.3403 .126
Yes N (%) 224 (74.4) 96 (79.3) 128 (71.5)
Change in breast symmetry No N (%) 27 (9.0) 12 (9.8) 15 (8.4) 0.1884 .664
Yes N (%) 274 (91.0) 110 (90.2) 164 (91.6)
Ulcers No N (%) 86 (28.6) 27 (22.1) 59 (33.0) 4.1695 .041
Yes N (%) 215 (71.4) 95 (77.9) 120 (67.0)
Scaling or thickening of the nipple or breast skin No N (%) 85 (28.2) 32 (26.2) 53 (29.6) 0.4089 .522
Yes N (%) 216 (71.8) 90 (73.8) 126 (70.4)
Redness of the nipple or breast skin. No N (%) 104 (34.6) 38 (31.1) 66 (36.9) 1.0512 .305
Yes N (%) 197 (65.4) 84 (68.9) 113(68.9)
Skin rash on the breast No N (%) 183 (60.8) 75 (61.5) 108 (60.3) 0.0396 .842
Yes N (%) 118 (39.2) 47 (38.5) 71 (39.7)
Pain in the armpit No N (%) 101 (33.6) 30 (24.6) 71 (39.7) 7.3947 .006
Yes N (%) 200 (66.4) 92 (75.4) 108 (60.3)
Nipple or breast pain No N (%) 75 (24.9) 24 (19.7) 51(28.5) 3.0165 .082
Yes N (%) 226 (75.1) 98 (80.3) 128 (71.5)