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Table 1 Background characteristics of the residents

From: Difference in the general medicine in-training examination score between community-based hospitals and university hospitals: a cross-sectional study based on 15,188 Japanese resident physicians

  PGY-1 residents PGY-2 residents
University hospital Community-based hospital University hospital Community-based hospital
n = 752 n = 6359 n = 804 n = 6350
Hospital-level variable
 Hospital Location
  Urban 112 (14.9) 1808 (28.4) 101 (12.6) 1851 (29.1)
  Rural 585 (77.8) 4410 (69.4) 671 (83.5) 4382 (69.0)
  Other (> 50 million) 55 (7.3) 141 (2.2) 32 (4.0) 117 (1.8)
Resident-level variable
 Sex
  Male 479 (63.7) 4316 (67.9) 516 (64.2) 4386 (69.1)
  Female 273 (36.3) 2043 (32.1) 288 (35.8) 1964 (30.9)
Emergency department duty per month
  0 105 (14.0) 163 (2.6) 58 (7.2) 120 (1.9)
  1 to 2 h 348 (46.3) 698 (11.0) 289 (35.9) 624 (9.8)
  3 to 5 h 206 (27.4) 4716 (74.2) 393 (48.9) 4582 (72.2)
   > 6 h per month 72 (9.6) 748 (11.8) 45 (5.6) 991 (15.6)
  Unknown 21 (2.8) 34 (0.5) 19 (2.4) 33 (0.5)
 Average number of inpatients each resident is in charged of
  0 to 4 158 (21.0) 1078 (17.0) 189 (23.5) 868 (13.7)
  5 to 9 511 (68.0) 3816 (60.0) 519 (64.6) 3702 (58.3)
  10 to 14 69 (9.2) 961 (15.1) 63 (7.8) 1141 (18.0)
   > 15 7 (0.9) 287 (4.5) 12 (1.5) 430 (6.8)
  Unknown 7 (0.9) 217 (3.4) 21 (2.6) 209 (3.3)
 Study time
  0 to 30 min 361 (48.0) 2396 (37.7) 324 (40.3) 2088 (32.9)
  31 to 60 min 245 (32.6) 2507 (39.4) 296 (36.8) 2614 (41.2)
  61 to 90 min 54 (7.2) 866 (13.6) 108 (13.4) 994 (15.7)
   > 91 min 12 (1.6) 242 (3.8) 26 (3.2) 301 (4.7)
  None 80 (10.6) 348 (5.5) 50 (6.2) 353 (5.6)
 General medicine department rotation
  Yes 186 (24.7) 2119 (33.3) 319 (39.7) 2799 (44.1)
  No (in hospitals with a GM department) 552 (73.4) 2775 (43.6) 466 (58.0) 2180 (34.3)
  No GM department 14 (1.9) 1465 (23.0) 19 (2.4) 1371 (21.6)
 Use of medical online resources
  Unknown/none 287 (38.2) 2736 (43.0) 362 (45.0) 2649 (41.7)
  Up-to-date 82 (10.9) 1269 (20.0) 103 (12.8) 1373 (21.6)
  Others 383 (50.9) 2354 (37.0) 339 (42.2) 2328 (36.7)
 Year
  2016 287 (38.2) 1790 (28.1) 225 (28.0) 1884 (29.7)
  2017 239 (31.8) 2144 (33.7) 284 (35.3) 2214 (34.9)
  2018 226 (30.1) 2425 (38.1) 295 (36.7) 2252 (35.5)
  1. Data are presented as n (%). PGY indicates postgraduate year