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Table 1 Students’ perspectives regarding community-based role-emerging practice placements before and after completion of placements

From: Student and supervisor perspectives on the effectiveness of community-based placements for occupational therapy students

Categories and items Pre-test Post-test Z
  M SD M SD  
Practice placement and supervision (10 items)
1.  Orientation process in the setting 4.41 0.69 3.70 0.95 −2.758**
2.  Matched expectations with supervisor 4.82 0.48 3.85 1.10 −3.141**
3.  Expectations of practice placement 4.78 0.51 3.48 1.10 −3.890***
4.  Adequate amount and type of supervision 4.37 0.74 3.35 1.37 −2.810**
5.  Information about setting policies and procedures 4.48 0.64 3.42 0.90 −3.452**
6.  Supervisor provides individualized, direct, specific supervision 4.67 0.56 3.98 0.96 −2.686**
7.  Setting supports academic learning 4.11 0.80 2.67 0.92 −3.789***
8.  Supervisor competency in professional knowledge and skills 4.74 0.45 3.69 1.07 −3.357**
9.  Interpersonal and professional support from staff members 3.56 1.01 3.96 0.98 −1.421
10.  Staff preparation 3.96 0.85 3.36 1.08 −2.452*
Total 4.39 0.39 3.55 0.69 −3.557***
Personal abilities (9 items)
1.  Well-integrated into practice placement 4.07 0.47 4.52 0.70 −2.556*
2.  Collaborative relationship with staff and population 4.33 0.48 4.72 0.49 −2.500*
3.  Collaborative relationship with the supervisor 4.52 0.57 4.26 0.72 −1.147
4.  Ability to receive constructive feedback 4.41 0.50 4.31 0.47 −1.000
5.  Opportunities to work creatively 4.22 0.64 4.26 0.71 −0.277
6.  Opportunities to work independently 3.69 0.84 4.70 0.47 −4.014***
7.  Opportunities to initiate new/ innovative ideas 3.96 0.59 4.37 0.57 −2.668**
8.  Ability to problem-solve through clinical reasoning 4.15 0.53 4.26 0.59 −0.905
9.  Ability to ask questions 4.19 0.68 4.26 0.59 −0.486
Total 4.18 0.41 4.41 0.36 2.805- **
Professional abilities (6 items)
1.  Competency in theoretical knowledge 3.30 0.72 3.43 0.74 −0.698
2.  Competency in evaluation process 3.74 0.76 4.06 0.68 −1.430
3.  Competency in intervention process 3.70 0.65 4.41 0.57 −3.597***
4.  Collaborates with others (colleagues, family/ support system, and other staff) 3.30 0.67 3.48 0.90 −1.231
5.  Professional contribution to the practice placement 4.07 0.68 4.59 0.50 −2.488*
6.  Articulates and implements OT role 3.78 0.80 4.07 0.92 −1.311
Total 3.65 0.51 4.03 340. −3.152**
Community (4 items)
1.  Contribution of knowledge and experience to the community 4.33 0.69 4.20 0.44 −1.037
2.  Enhances the understanding of OT’s role in the community 4.56 0.64 4.27 0.78 −1.507
3.  Commitment to contribute to the community 4.07 0.92 4.36 0.57 −1.328
4.  Partnering in developing community-based OT services 4.00 0.90 3.83 0.87 −1.224
Total 4.24 0.59 4.18 0.43 −0.881
  1. Notes: OT Occupational therapy; N = 27; Z = Wilcoxon tests, * 0.05; **p  0.01; ***p < 0.001