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Table 4 Group comparisons of empathy scores on the JSE-S

From: A multi-institutional and cross-sectional study on empathy in Chinese medical students: differences by student cadre or not, future career preference, and father’s education status

CharacterteristicN(%)MedianMean ± SDP-value
Global scores521 (100.00%)106.00104.66 ± 13.09 
Gender**   0.001
 Male183 (35.12%)104.00102.07 ± 13.46 
 Female338 (64.88%)107.00106.06 ± 12.68 
Student cadre or not*   0.019
 Yes334 (64.11%)106.00105.66 ± 12.74 
 No187 (35.89%)104.00102.86 ± 13.54 
Future career preference**   0.003
 Becoming a doctora**393 (75.43%)106.00105.32 ± 13.200.002
 Not becoming a doctor26 (4.99%)99.0096.23 ± 13.34 
 Not yet decideda*102 (19.58%)104.00104.25 ± 11.880.005
Father’seducational status*   0.030
 High school or below189 (36.28%)108.00106.30 ± 12.47 
 Higher education332 (63.72%)105.00103.72 ± 13.36 
Mother’s educational status   0.090
 High school or below219 (42.03%)106.00105.80 ± 12.77 
 Higher education302 (57.97%)105.00103.83 ± 13.28 
  1. acompared to not becoming a doctor. *P < 0.05,**P < 0.01