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Table 2 Respondents’ Chinese language capability’s influence on their clinical experiences and competence

From: Perceptions of education quality and influence of language barrier: graduation survey of international medical students at four universities in China

  HSK certificate (Mean) Chinese speaking skills (Mean) Communication initiative with teachers and patients in Chinese in hospital (Mean)
Lower HSK level (n = 105) Higher HSK level (n = 104) P Weak (n = 34) Adequate (n = 105) Good (n = 70) P Not Active (n = 64) Active (n = 145) P
Clerkship (Subtotal) 22.17 21.63 .309 20.71 21.29 21.90 .000 20.20 22.66 .000
CL-1 3.73 3.58 .145 3.26 3.59 3.94 .000 3.31 3.81 .000
CL-2 3.68 3.64 .757 3.56 3.55 3.87 .014 3.45 3.75 .007
CL-3 3.63 3.57 .571 3.41 3.50 3.84 .004 3.38 3.70 .006
CL-4 3.74 3.72 .836 3.64 3.62 3.94 .016 3.38 3.89 .000
CL-5 3.83 3.62 .066 3.41 3.60 4.06 .000 3.41 3.86 .000
CL-6 3.56 3.51 .657 3.41 3.43 3.76 .018 3.28 3.65 .004
Internship (Subtotal) 19.41 19.27 .769 18.53 18.99 20.26 .027 17.98 19.94 .000
IN-1 4.10 4.18 .396 4.18 4.06 4.24 .257 3.98 4.21 .046
IN-2 3.96 4.01 .657 3.91 3.93 4.10 .316 3.77 4.08 .006
IN-3 3.78 3.78 .986 3.50 3.71 4.01 .009 3.48 3.91 .001
IN-4 3.82 3.57 .039 3.41 3.59 3.99 .002 3.36 3.84 .000
IN-5 3.75 3.73 .858 3.53 3.70 3.91 .079 3.39 3.90 .000
Clinical competence (Subtotal) 27.03 27.05 .970 26.09 26.54 28.24 .004 25.34 27.79 .000
CC-1 3.75 3.72 .773 3.41 3.69 3.97 .002 3.45 3.86 .000
CC-2 3.87 3.85 .820 3.82 3.76 4.01 .039 3.61 3.97 .000
CC-3 3.91 3.86 .564 3.59 3.87 4.06 .008 3.55 4.03 .000
CC-4 3.90 3.82 .387 3.82 3.74 4.04 .010 3.61 3.97 .000
CC-5 3.76 3.86 .344 3.59 3.74 4.01 .007 3.56 3.92 .001
CC-6 3.90 4.05 .053 3.91 3.92 4.07 .198 3.83 4.03 .016
CC-7 3.94 3.90 .656 3.94 3.82 4.07 .033 3.73 4.01 .004