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Table 1 Demographic Characteristics of 121 Medical Students in the Foundations of Clinical Reasoning Course

From: Empirical comparison of three assessment instruments of clinical reasoning capability in 230 medical students

Characteristic Survey Respondents (n = 121)
Gender
Male 55 (45.5%)
Female 63 (52.1%)
Prefer not to answer 3 (2.5%)
Ethnicity
American Indian or Alaska Native 0 (0%)
Asian or Pacific Islander 54 (44.6%)
African American (Non-Hispanic) 5 (4.1%)
Hispanic 6 (4.9%)
White (Non-Hispanic) 45 (37.2%)
Two or more/Other 5 (4.1%)
I prefer not to answer 6 (4.9%)
Pre-Medical Experiences*
Health Professions education or employment (Nursing, Physician Assistant, Physical Therapy, Pharmacy, ect) 15
Volunteering or Shadowing (inpatient) 76
Volunteering or Shadowing (outpatient) 87
Scribe 13
Medical Mission trip 18
Volunteering at a hospice center, a retirement center, or crisis center 28
I did not participate in any clinical activities 6
One or more of these 80
Hours in Pre-Medical Experiences **
0–50 h (One work week) 21 (18.3%)
51–100 h (Two work weeks) 15 (13%)
101–150 h (Three work weeks) 11 (9.6%)
151–200 h (Four work weeks) 12 (10.4%)
1–2 months 11 (9.6%)
2–6 months 16 (13.9%)
6 months - 1 year 10 (8.7%)
1–2 years 6 (5.2%)
  > 2 years 13 (11.3%)
College Major
Biology 64 (52.9%)
Chemistry 12 (9.9%)
Computer Science/Biomedical Engineering 5 (4.1%)
Business/Economics 5 (4.1%)
Psychology 5 (4.1%)
Language Arts (English, Spanish, ect) 2 (1.7%)
Other 28 (23.1%)
  1. * Percentages not calculated due to multiple responses
  2. ** Six students reported not participating in Pre-Medical Experiences. The participant number is 115