Skip to main content

Table 2 Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses

From: Characteristics of internal medicine residents who successfully match into cardiology fellowships

  All subjects
(N = 339)
Matched to
CV (N = 73)
Logistic regression analyses
Bivariate Multivariable
Pre-residency characteristics N (%) N (% of)a OR (99% CI) p-value OR (99% CI) p-value
Research publications, total ≥1 104 (30.7%) 28 (26.9%) 1.556 (0.764–3.170) 0.11 1.166 (0.342–3.981) 0.75
0 235 (69.3%) 45 (19.2%)   
Research publications, 1st author ≥1 48 (14.2%) 15 (31.3%) 1.826 (0.752–4.432) 0.08 1.210 (0.258–5.665) 0.75
0 291 (85.8%) 58 (20.0%)   
Declared CV career intent Yes 38 (11.2%) 25 (65.8%) 10.136 (3.844–26.729) < 0.0001 6.387 (1.746–23.356) 0.0002
No 301 (88.8%) 48 (16.0%)   
Top 50 medical school Yes 110 (32.5%) 26 (23.6%) 1.199 (0.586–2.451) 0.51 0.891 (0.320–2.484) 0.77
No 229 (67.6%) 47 (20.5%)   
AOA member Yes 104 (30.7%) 24 (23.1%) 1.139 (0.550–2.359) 0.65 0.859 (0.276–2.672) 0.73
No 235 (69.3%) 49 (20.9%)   
   Mean (SD) Mean CV vs. not     
USMLE Step 1 score   235.3 (15.9) 237.0 vs. 234.8 1.009 (0.987–1.031) 0.29 1.027 (0.987–1.069) 0.08
USMLE Step 2 Clinical Knowledge score   246.3 (15.4) 246.6 vs. 246.2 1.001 (0.980–1.024) 0.87 0.992 (0.949–1.036) 0.62
CV-specific experiences N (%) N (% of)     
CV elective Yes 111 (32.7%) 51 (46.0%) 7.958 (3.729–16.980) < 0.0001 7.338 (2.839–18.969) < 0.0001
No 228 (67.3%) 22 (9.7%)   
Timing of first CV experience 1st half 171 (50.4%) 37 (21.6%) 1.012 (0.513–2.000) 0.96 1.116 (0.460–2.711) 0.75
2nd half 168 (49.6%) 36 (21.4%)   
CV clinical evaluations (top 20%) Yes 68 (20.1%) 20 (29.4%) 1.714 (0.777–3.780) 0.08 1.469 (0.414–5.219) 0.43
No 271 (79.9%) 53 (19.6%)   
   Mean (SD) Mean CV vs. not     
ITE PGY-2 CV percentile   62.9 (26.6) 74.6 vs. 59.7 1.025 (1.009–1.041) < 0.0001 1.049 (1.021–1.079) < 0.0001
Global residency performance N (%) N (% of)     
Publications during residency ≥3 108 (31.9%) 34 (31.5%) 4.069 (1.279–12.946) 0.002 4.667 (1.065–20.455) 0.007
2 74 (21.8%) 17 (23.0%) 2.641 (0.757–9.215) 0.05 2.487 (0.557–11.100) 0.12
1 88 (26.0%) 15 (17.1%) 1.820 (0.516–6.416) 0.22 2.523 (0.541–11.776) 0.12
0 69 (20.4%) 7 (10.1%)   
Mini-CEX evaluations (top 20%) Yes 68 (20.1%) 18 (26.5%) 1.414 (0.630–3.172) 0.27 2.428 (0.641–9.191) 0.09
No 271 (79.9%) 55 (20.3%)   
Clinical evaluations (top 20%) Yes 67 (19.8%) 17 (25.4%) 1.311 (0.578–2.977) 0.39 0.769 (0.178–3.318) 0.64
No 272 (80.2%) 56 (20.6%)   
   Mean (SD) Mean CV vs. not     
ITE PGY-2 overall percentile   76.5 (20.1) 75.8 vs. 76.7 0.998 (0.981–1.014) 0.72 0.932 (0.896–0.970) < 0.0001
  1. Abbreviations: AOA Alpha Omega Alpha; CV cardiovascular; ITE in-training examination; Mini-CEX mini-clinical evaluation exercises; USMLE, United States Medical Licensing Examination
  2. aData are presented as n (% of row total) for categorical variables or mean of those who matched vs. did not match to CV for continuous variables. Displaying the categorical variables as % of row total facilitates comparison to the overall 22% match rate into CV for the residents in this study