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Table 1 Resident demographic and pre-residency characteristics

From: Characteristics of internal medicine residents who successfully match into cardiology fellowships

  Eligible
(N = 360)*
Excluded
(N = 21)*
Included
(N = 339)*
p-value
Gender     > 0.99
Male 211 (58.6%) 12 (57.1%) 199 (58.7%)  
Female 149 (41.4%) 9 (42.9%) 140 (41.3%)  
Medical school type     0.09
U.S. public 208 (57.8%) 9 (42.9%) 199 (58.7%)  
U.S. private 117 (32.5%) 7 (33.3%) 110 (32.5%)  
International, except Canadian 27 (7.5%) 4 (19.1%) 23 (6.8%)  
Canadian 4 (1.1%) 0 (0.0%) 4 (1.2%)  
Osteopathic 4 (1.1%) 1 (4.8%) 3 (0.9%)  
Age (years) 27.3 (2.9) 29.0 (3.5) 27.18 (2.9) 0.03
Declared CV career intent     0.15
No 322 (89.4%) 21 (100%) 301 (88.8%)  
Yes 38 (10.6%) 0 (0%) 38 (11.2%)  
Top 50 medical school     0.63
No 242 (67.2%) 13 (61.9%) 229 (67.6%)  
Yes 118 (32.8%) 8 (38.1%) 110 (32.5%)  
AOA member     0.14
No 253 (70.3%) 18 (85.7%) 235 (69.3%)  
Yes 107 (29.7%) 3 (14.3%) 104 (30.7%)  
Research publication, any     > 0.99
No 250 (69.4%) 15 (71.4%) 235 (69.3%)  
Yes 110 (30.6%) 6 (28.6%) 104 (30.7%)  
Research publication, 1st author     > 0.99
No 309 (85.8%) 18 (85.7%) 291 (85.8%)  
Yes 51 (14.2%) 3 (14.3%) 48 (14.2%)  
USMLE score
Step 1 235.1 (15.9) 232.8 (17.4) 235.3 (15.9) 0.53
Step 2 Clinical Knowledge 246.0 (15.3) 240.6 (13.4) 246.3 (15.4) 0.07
  1. Abbreviations: AOA Alpha Omega Alpha; CV cardiovascular; USMLE United States Medical Licensing Examination
  2. *Data are presented as n (% of column total) for categorical variables or mean (standard deviation) for continuous variables
  3. P-values compare those included in vs. excluded from the study