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Table 4 Number and percentage of burnout according to the participants’ gender and working environment

From: Effect of stress coping ability and working hours on burnout among residents

  Third month Fifteenth month Total
Respondents Burnout Respondents Burnout Respondents Burnout
Variable n n (%) n n (%) n n (%)
All 62 33 (53.2) 35 15 (42.9) 97 48 (49.5)
 Male 37 22 (59.5) 26 9 (34.6) 63 31 (49.2)
 Female 25 11 (44.0) 9 6 (66.7) 34 17 (50.0)
Night duty (days/month)
  ≤ 2 15 5 (33.3) 10 6 (60.0) 25 11 (44.0)
  ≤ 4 23 13 (56.5) 16 8 (50.0) 39 21 (53.8)
  ≤ 6 17 10 (58.8) 7 1 (14.3) 24 11 (45.8)
  > 6 5 4 (80.0) 2 0 (0) 7 4 (57.1)
Working hours (h/day)
  ≤ 9 11 4 (36.4) 8 1 (12.5) 19 5 (26.3)
  ≤ 11 18 8 (44.4) 11 5 (45.5) 29 13 (44.8)
  ≤ 13 19 10 (52.6) 13 7 (53.8) 32 17 (53.1)
  > 13 14 11 (78.6) 3 2 (66.7) 17 13 (76.5)
Existence of somebody to consult with
 Yes 57 30 (52.6) 33 14 (42.4) 90 44 (48.9)
 No 5 3 (60.0) 2 1 (50.0) 7 4 (57.1)
Has ways to release one’s stress
 Yes 57 30 (52.6) 31 11 (35.5) 88 41 (46.6)
 No 4 3 (75.0) 3 3 (100.0) 7 6 (85.7)
Feels adequate reward for own work
 Yes 56 28 (50.0) 30 13 (43.3) 86 41 (47.7)
 No 6 5 (83.3) 5 2 (40.0) 11 7 (63.6)
Work controllability
 Can 46 20 (43.5) 24 10 (41.7) 70 30 (42.9)
 Cannot 16 13 (81.3) 11 5 (45.5) 27 18 (66.7)
SOC10
  ≤ 45 32 20 (62.5) 16 10 (62.5) 48 30 (62.5)
  > 45 30 13 (43.3) 19 5 (26.3) 49 18 (36.7)
  1. Burnout: respondents who were diagnosed as burnout by the Maslach Burnout Inventory (emotional exhaustion ≥16 and/or cynicism ≥11)
  2. n: number of respondents. SOC10: scores on the Sense of Coherence scale, excluding three items that were classified into the Maslach Burnout Inventory subscales