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Table 4 serial evaluation of participants’ confidence about core competency (CC) education (n = 28 in each group)

From: Sustained effects of faculty leadership development modules for clinical instructors of core competences education in Taiwan: a four-year explanatory case study

Questionsregular FD module participantsintervention FD module participants
I feel confident about … …pre-
module
end-of-module (Δ% from pre-module)Follow-up (Δ% from pre-module)pre-
module
end-of-module (Δ% from pre-module)Follow-up (Δ% from pre-module)
1. delivering CC-based teachings3.1 ± 0.53.9 ± 0.4 (26%)3.8 ± 0.3 (23%)3.4 ± 0.24.8 ± 0.3 (41%)*
#2.3
4.7 ± 0.5 (38%)*
#3
2. delivering CC-based assessments2.9 ± 0.23.3 ± 0.7 (14%)3 ± 0.6 (3%)3.1 ± 0.43.7 ± 0.2 (19%)3.9 ± 0.5 (26%)*
#1.5
3.designing CC-based teachings2.2 ± 0.62.8 ± 0.4 (27%)2.7 ± 0.3 (23%)2.7 ± 0.83.4 ± 0.3 (26%)3.8 ± 0.2 (41%)*
#3.67
4.designing CC-based assessments2.3 ± 0.42.9 ± 0.5 (26%)3.1 ± 0.2 (35%)2.8 ± 0.63.6 ± 0.3 (29%)4.1 ± 0.4 (46%)*
#2.4
5.leading CC-based teachings2.4 ± 0.53.1 ± 0.2 (29%)3.4 ± 0.6 (42%)2.5 ± 0.74.0 ± 0.5 (60%)*
#4.5
4.1 ± 0.3 (64%)*
#1.17
6 leading CC-based assessments1.9 ± 0.32.6 ± 0.4 (37%)2.4 ± 0.2 (26%)2.3 ± 0.53.8 ± 0.5 (65%)*
#3
3.9 ± 0.2 (70%)*
#7.5
  1. Data were expressed as mean ± SD; agreement to questions are rated by 5-point Likert scale; 5 = very agree; 3 = neutral; 1 = very not agree; *, p < 0.05 vs. corresponding data of regular FD group that analyzed using student t test; Comparison among data of multiple time points were analyzed with ANOVA test; # t-test’s effect size for compared data between groups that with significance on t test