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Table 5 Sub-group analyses of communication skills in SP’s external perception

From: Communication skills of medical students: survey of self- and external perception in a longitudinally based trend study

SemesternEmpathyStructureVerbal ExpressionNon-verbal Expression
2011: Mean (Median) [SD]14684.21 (4) [0,74]4.04 (4) [0.87]4.18 (4) [0.82]4.14 (4) [0.83]
2011–2012: Mean (Median) [SD]14834.37 (4) [0.70]4.23 (4) [0.8]4.37 (5) [0.74]4.24 (4) [0.79]
2012: Mean (Median) [SD]13224.34 (4) [0.75]4.12 (4) [0.85]4.33 (5) [0.82]4.22 (4) [0.86]
2012–2013: Mean (Median) [SD]8074.25 (4) [0.79]4.01 (4) [0.85]4.17 (4) [0.87]4.09 (4) [0.87]
2013: Mean (Median) [SD]14074.26 (4) [0.63]4.21 (4) [0.71]4.37 (4) [0.67]4.24 (4) [0.69]
2013–2014:Mean (Median) [SD]16234.21 (4) [0.74]4.09 (4) [0.78]4.28 (4) [0.76]4.17 (4) [0.78]
2014:Mean (Median) [SD]3744.10 (4) [0.91]4.06 (4) [0.92]4.21 (4) [0.91]4.08 (4) [0.93]
2011–2014/ overall: Mean (Median) [SD]84844.27 (4) [0.73]4.12 (4) [0.82]4.29 (4) [0.79]4.19 (4) [0.81]
Difference between 2011 and 2014 0.11 [95%-CI: 0.02; 0.2]a−0.02 [95%-CI: − 0.12; 0.08]−0.02 [95%-CI: − 0.12; 0.08]0.06 [95%-CI: − 0.03; 0.16]
p-value 0.0147a0.74400.65300.2062
  1. a statistically significant difference