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Table 4 Frequency of intimate examinations performed throughout clinical training

From: The influence of gender on clinical examination skills of medical students in Jordan: a cross-sectional study

Physical ExaminationMale n (%)Female n (%)OR (CI)P value
Students who performed the examination > 5 times
 Male Genitalia Examination27 (27.3)2 (2.2)16.31 (3.75–70.94)< 0.001*
 Prostate Exam11 (11.1)1 (1.1)11.00 (1.39–87.03)0.006*
 Foley’s Catheter Insertion3 (3)0 (0)NA0.248*
 Breast Examination6 (6)33 (37)0.11 (0.04–0.28)< 0.001
 Vaginal Examination1 (1)4 (4.5)0.22 (0.02–1.98)0.191*
 Pap Smear2 (2)0 (0)NA0.499*
 Contraception Counselling21 (21.2)8 (8.9)2.73 (1.14–6.52)0.021
Students who have never performed the examination
 Male Genitalia Examination14 (14.1)45 (50.1)0.16 (0.08–0.33)< 0.001
 Prostate Exam51 (51.5)75 (84.3)0.20 (0.10–0.40)< 0.001
 Foley’s Catheter Insertion74 (74.7)76 (85.4)0.51 (0.24–1.06)0.07
 Breast Examination44 (44)1 (1.1)70.4 (9.43–525.7)< 0.001
 Vaginal Examination93 (93.9)63 (70.9)6.40 (2.49–16.43)< 0.001
 Pap Smear94 (94.9)84 (94.4)1.12 (0.31–4.00)0.863*
 Contraception Counselling35 (35.4)25 (28)1.40 (0.75–2.60)0.286
  1. (*) used for values derived with Fisher’s exact test. Fisher’s exact test used when a cell in the table gave an expected number of frequency fewer than 5
  2. P values of < 0.05 written in bold