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Table 3 Frequency of general physical examinations performed throughout clinical training

From: The influence of gender on clinical examination skills of medical students in Jordan: a cross-sectional study

Physical ExaminationMale n (%)Female n (%)OR (CI)P value
Students who performed the examination > 5 times
Clinical exam performed on all patients
 Cardiovascular89 (89.9)75 (84.3)1.66 (0.70–3.96)0.248
 Abdominal96 (97)84 (94.4)1.91 (0.44–8.21)0.480*
 Respiratory95 (96)81 (91)2.35 (0.68–8.08)0.233*
 Thyroid61 (61.6)46 (51.7)1.50 (0.84–2.68)0.170
 Neurological51 (51.5)38 (42.7)1.43 (0.80–2.54)0.227
Clinical exam performed on patients of other sex
 Cardiovascular46 (46.5)57 (64)0.49 (0.27–0.88)0.016
 Abdominal57 (57.6)67 (75.3)0.45 (0.24–0.83)0.011
 Respiratory52 (52.5)66 (74.2)0.39 (0.21–0.71)0.002
 Thyroid43 (43.4)24 (27)2.08 (1.13–3.84)0.019
 Neurological31 (31.3)22 (24.7)1.39 (0.73–2.64)0.316
Students who performed the examination > 10 times
Clinical exam performed on all patients
 Cardiovascular71 (71)48 (55)2.07 (1.13–3.79)0.018
 Abdominal88 (89)72 (80)1.89 (0.83–4.29)0.124
 Respiratory80 (80)62 (70)1.83 (0.93–3.60)0.076
 Thyroid36 (36.4)14 (15.7)3.06 (1.52–6.18)0.001
 Neurological24 (24.2)9 (10.1)2.84 (1.24–6.51)0.011
Clinical exam performed on patients of opposite sex
 Cardiovascular30 (30)35 (39.3)0.67 (0.37–1.23)0.194
 Abdominal39 (40)46 (52)0.61 (0.34–1.08)0.091
 Respiratory36 (36)42 (47)0.64 (0.36–1.15)0.132
 Thyroid30 (30.3)9 (10.1)3.87 (1.72–8.70)< 0.001
 Neurological18 (18.2)6 (6.7)3.07 (1.16–8.14)0.019
  1. (*) used for values derived with Fisher’s exact test. Fisher’s exact test used when a cell in the table gave an expected number of frequencies fewer than 5
  2. P values of < 0.05 written in bold