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Table 2 Mean scores/differences on CSAS between two medical schools in last year of the curriculum

From: Have medical students’ attitudes towards clinical communication skills changed over a 12- year period? A comparative long-term study

Survey year20032015Difference between schools
SchoolIntegrated school (N = 46)Traditional school (N = 94)Integrated school (N = 88)Traditional school (N = 81)20032015
CSAS - mean4.39 (.52)4.13 (.63)4.62 (.47)#4.33 (.66)§F = 5.60*
d = .46
F = 12.75***
d = .53
Gender-wise
CSAS
♀ 4.47 (.36)
(N = 24)
♂ 4.30 (.65)
(N = 22)
F = 1.28 n.s.
♀ 4.16 (.58)
(N = 54)
♂ 4.09 (.71)
(N = 40)
F = .32 n.s.
♀ 4.69 (.41)
(N = 67)#
♂ 4.42 (.60)
(N = 21)
F = 5.50*
d = .54
♀ 4.39 (.54)
(N = 56)§
♂ 4.19 (.71)
(N = 25)
F = 1.20 n.s.
F = 5.78*
d = .66
F = 1.29 n.s.
F = 12.20**
d = .63
F = 1.34 n.s.
  1. * = p < .05, ** = p < .01, *** = p < .001. # < .05 within the Integrated school from 2003 to 2015. § < .05 within the Traditional school from 2003 to 2015. d = Cohen’s d
  2. The bottom F-values indicate gender differences within schools