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Table 2 Differences in mental effort by learning conditions

From: Active learning through discussion: ICAP framework for education in health professions

VariablesStudy conditions (n = 108)
Lecture (n = 50)Self-study (n = 58)Fη2pP-value
 M133.80 (24.19)46.32 (25.21)6.9840.0630.009
 M246.20 (31.01)53.16 (29.89)1.5050.0140.223
 M372.70 (23.11)62.63 (28.40)3.5940.0340.061
Variables Question conditions (n = 108) 
Summary (n = 55)Question (n = 53)Fη2pP-value
 M143.49 (24.82)37.50 (25.84)1.2120.2740.274
 M247.55 (28.53)52.22 (32.37)0.4280.5150.515
 M369.53 (25.33)65.19 (27.52)0.6730.4140.414
  1. Data are shown as mean (standard deviation). M1 Study mental effort, M2 Discussion mental effort, M3 Test mental effort. Gender and age were adjusted