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Table 3 Tendency towards academic dishonesty scores with the respect to academic year

From: The impact of gender and academic achievement on the violation of academic integrity for medical faculty students, a descriptive cross-sectional survey study

 Class (Academic year)
1st2nd3rd4th5th6thP
ScaleScore (SD)Score (SD)Score (SD)Score (SD)Score (SD)Score (SD) 
Tendency towards academic dishonesty2.15 (0.60)2.15 (0.56)2.13 (0.44)2.01 (0.56)2.11 (0.78)2.42 (0.63)0.169
Subscales
 Tendency towards cheating1.88 (0.94)2.07 (0.80)1.98 (0.82)2.17 (0.93)1.98 (1.01)2.38 (1.11)0.243
 Dishonesty in works such as assignments and projects2.37 (0.75)2.26 (0.64)2.26 (0.45)2.09 (0.69)2.24 (0.84)2.49 (0.70)0.319
 Research and reporting process dishonesty2.22 (0.64)2.22 (0.68)2.41 (0.61)2.08 (0.71)2.28 (0.79)2.37 (0.84)0.537
 Tendency towards citation dishonesty2.06 (0.71)2.05 (0.60)1.91 (0.59)1.72 (0.52)1.93 (0.84)2.40 (0.69)0.004*
 Multiple comparison
P
Mean Difference95% CI
Lower / Upper
Subscale 4. Tendency towards citation dishonesty1st grade vs. 2nd grade: 10.015−0.333 / 0.364
1st grade vs 3rd grade: 0.9290.157−0.313 / 0.627
1st grade vs 4th grade: 0.2170.347−0.095 / 0.790
1st grade vs. 5th grade: 0.9330.129−0.262 / 0.520
1st grade vs. 6th grade: 0.247−0.334− 0.772 / 0.104
2nd grade vs 3rd grade:0.9420.142−0.304 / 0.588
2nd grade vs 4th grade:0.2030.332−0.085 / 0.749
2nd grade vs 5th grade: 0.9450.114−0.248 / 0.476
2nd grade vs 6th grade: 0.150−0.349− 0.761 / 0.063
3rd grade vs 4th grade: 0.9030.190−0.333 / 0.713
3rd grade vs 5th grade: 1−0.028− 0.508 / 0.452
3rd grade vs 6th grade: 0.075−0.491−1.010 / 0.028
4th grade vs 5th grade: 0.738−0.218−0.671 / 0.235
4th grade vs 6th grade: 0.001*−0.681− 1.176 / -0.187
5th grade vs 6th grade: 0.039*−0.463−0.912 / -0.014
  1. SD standard deviation, * P < 0.05
  2. *P < 0.05