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Table 3 Respondents’ attitudes toward pharmaceutical care

From: Do clerkship schemes effectively improve pharmacy students’ understanding of and attitudes regarding pharmaceutical care?——a pre-post study in China Pharmaceutical University

ItemStrongly agree (%)Agree (%)Neutral (%)Disagree (%)Strongly disagree (%)p-valueEffect size (%)
BeforeAfterBeforeAfterBeforeAfterBeforeAfterBeforeAfter
[1] All pharmacists should perform PC.172 (28.6)258 (42.9)263 (43.7)314 (52.2)111 (18.4)16 (2.7)48 (8.0)12 (2.0)8 (1.3)2 (0.3).03*22.8
[2] The primary responsibility of pharmacists in healthcare settings is to prevent and solve medication-related problems.241 (40.0)417 (69.3)331 (55.0)171 (28.4)19 (3.2)11 (1.8)9 (1.5)3 (0.5)2 (0.3)0 (0).03*2.7
[3] Pharmacists’ primary responsibility is to practice PC.402 (66.8)528 (87.7)111 (18.4)64 (10.6)46 (7.6)5 (0.8)35 (5.8)4 (0.7)8 (1.3)1 (0.2).04*13.1
[4] Undergraduate students majoring in clinical pharmacy are competent to perform PC during their clerkship.104 (17.3)358 (59.5)337 (56.0)148 (24.6)139 (23.1)51 (8.5)21 (3.5)33 (5.5)1 (0.2)12 (2.0).03*10.8
[5] Providing PC is valuable.497 (82.6)531 (88.2)63 (10.5)66 (11.0)39 (6.5)5 (0.8)2 (0.3)0 (0)1 (0.2)0 (0).326.1
[6] Providing PC takes too much time and effort. [R]24 (4.0)0 (0)45 (7.5)3 (0.5)74 (12.3)4 (0.7)172 (28.6)225 (37.4)287 (47.7)370 (61.5).03*22.6
[7] I would like to perform PC as a clinical pharmacist.423 (70.3)469 (77.9)155 (25.8)124 (20.6)23 (3.8)9 (2.0)1 (0.2)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0).432.4
[8] Providing PC during my clerkship is professionally rewarding.410 (68.1)531 (88.2)159 (26.4)56 (9.3)29 (4.8)12 (2.0)3 (0.5)3 (0.5)1 (0.2)0 (0).083
[9] PC is the right direction for my career.184 (30.6)305 (50.7)213 (35.4)141 (23.4)140 (23.3)67 (11.1)53 (8.8)82 (13.6)12 (2.0)7 (1.2).068.1
[10] Providing PC would benefit pharmacists.376 (62.5)463 (76.9)122 (20.3)101 (16.8)86 (14.3)30 (5.0)18 (3.0)8 (1.3)0 (0)0 (0).05*10.9
[11] Providing PC will improve patient health.439 (72.9)524 (87.0)140 (23.3)74 (12.3)19 (3.2)3 (0.5)3 (0.5)1 (0.2)1 (0.2)0 (0).150.7
[12] Practicing PC will benefit my professional pharmacy career as a clinical pharmacist.582 (96.7)597 (99.2)8 (1.3)4 (0.7)12 (2.0)1 (0.2)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0).631.9
[13] Providing PC is not worth the additional workload that it places on the pharmacist. [R]2 (0.3)0 (0)1 (0.2)2 (0.3)15 (2.5)12 (2.0)63 (10.5)35 (5.8)521 (86.5)553 (91.9).56−0.2
[14] I feel proud to be a clinical pharmacist.355 (59.0)402 (66.8)134 (22.3)130 (21.6)87 (14.5)58 (9.6)26 (4.3)12 (2.0)0 (0)0 (0).257.1
  1. * Statistically Significant (p < 0.05)
  2. [R] Reverse coded items
  3. Effect size is calculated as the increase of the percentage of respondents that strongly agree or agree (strongly disagree and disagree for reverse coded items) each statement after the clerkship