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Table 1 Comparison of distribution of parameters for interviewees for GI fellowship: 2009–2011 vs. 2016–2018 using parametric statistical analysis

From: Increased average number of medical publications per interviewee from 2009 to 2018: a study of 100 interviewees to an academic gastroenterology fellowship program

Categorical variablesNumber (%) with parameter 2009–2011
(Total N = 48)
Number (%) with parameter
2016–2018
(Total N = 52)
P-value
Male (vs. Female Sex)34 (70.8%)44 (84.6%)0.146
Foreign medical graduates (vs. American medical graduates)21 (43.8%)26 (50%)0.554
MD graduates (vs. DO graduates)48 (100%)46 (88.5%)0.027
Applied as chief resident (vs. no chief residency)2 (4.2%)7 (13.5%)0.163
Medical school affiliated residency program (vs. non-affiliated residency program)45 (93.8%)45 (86.5%)0.322
Residency program in Midwest (vs. elsewhere in United States)31 (64.6%)27 (51.9%)0.228
U.S. Citizen or legal permanent resident (vs. foreign citizenship)29 (60.4%)35 (67.3%)0.535
Mean recommendation score (evaluated semi-quantitatively, see Methods)a
Mean USMLE Step 1 score
86.96 ± 1.461
235.4 ± 14.1
85.1 ± 0.64
244.9 ± 13.5
<.0001*
0.001*
Mean USMLE Step 2 CK score244.9 ± 16.7250.8 ± 15.20.069*
Mean of averaged combined USMLE Step 1 & 2 scoresb240.1 ± 14.3246.9 ± 13.70.036*
Mean number of abstracts (at national meetings)1.69 ± 0.377.54 ± 1.16< 0.0001*
Mean number of articles (listed in PubMed)1.48 ± 0.306.13 ± 1.290.001*
Mean number of total publications3.17 + 0.4812.76 + 1.99< 0.0001*
  1. N Number, MD Medical doctor, DO Doctor of osteopathy, S.D. Standard deviation, USMLE United States Medical Licensing Examination, CK Clinical Knowledge
  2. aThree individuals had missing recommendation scores (see Methods)
  3. bMean of (step-1 score + step-2 score)/2
  4. *Utilizing independent t-tests assuming unequal variances