Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic and professional characteristics of PSs in 1996, 2006, and 2016

From: Distribution and retention trends of physician-scientists in Japan: a longitudinal study

  1996 Survey 2006 Survey 2016 Survey
Total of subjects, n 4930   5319   5212  
 % of all physicians 2.1%   1.9%   1.6%  
Sex, n, %
 Male 4441 90.1% 4591 86.3% 4280 82.1%
 Female 489 9.9% 728 13.7% 932 17.9%
Age, n, %
39 2207 44.8% 1671 31.4% 1168 22.4%
 40–54 1616 32.8% 2352 44.2% 1958 37.6%
 55–69 1005 20.4% 1114 20.9% 1917 36.8%
70 102 2.1% 182 3.4% 169 3.2%
Years of experience, n, %
 0–14 2215 44.9% 1682 31.6% 1187 22.8%
 15–29 1701 34.5% 2358 44.3% 1917 36.8%
 30–44 913 18.5% 1120 21.1% 1906 36.6%
45 101 2.0% 159 3.0% 202 3.9%
Qualification as a physician at age under or over 30 years, n, %
  < 30 3825 77.6% 4150 78.0% 4043 77.6%
30 1105 22.4% 1169 22.0% 1169 22.4%
Workplace, n, %
 Urban 2649 53.7% 2991 56.2% 3114 59.7%
 Intermediate 2262 45.9% 2289 43.0% 2042 39.2%
 Rural 19 0.4% 39 0.7% 56 1.1%