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Table 2 Specific pain content that participants teach in subjects

From: Pain curricula across healthcare professions undergraduate degrees: a cross-sectional study in Catalonia, Spain

  Dentistry Human Nutrition and Dietetic Medicine Nursing Occupational Therapy Pharmacy Physiotherapy Podiatry Psychology
Multidimensional nature of pain (13.09) (23.9) (7.2) (16) (18.7) (4.5) (6.7) (17.9) (17.7) (5.2)
Epidemiology of pain 4 (10.3) 1 (2.9) 10 (7.4) 11 (9.4) 0 (0) 0 (0) 7 (7.1) 1 (6.3) 1 (1)
Pain theories 5 (12.8) 1 (2.9) 7 (5.1) 8 (6.8) 0 (0) 0 (0) 8 (8.2) 2 (12.5) 5 (4.9)
Biological mechanisms of pain 11 (28.2) 5 (14.3) 37 (27.2) 20 (17.1) 1 (6.7) 3 (15) 23 (23.5) 3 (18.8) 7 (6.9)
Ethical standards and guidelines related to management of pain 5 (12.8) 1 (2.9) 9 (6.6) 18 (15.4) 1 (6.7) 0 (0) 7 (7.1) 1 (6.3) 0 (0)
Definition of pain and pain terms 19 (48.7) 6 (17.1) 43 (31.6) 42 (35.9) 1 (6.7) 4 (20) 37 (37.8) 6 (37.5) 10 (9.8)
Biological, psychological and social factors influencing the perception of pain 12 (30.8) 1 (2.9) 25 (18.4) 32 (27.4) 1 (6.7) 1 (5) 23 (23.5) 4 (25) 9 (8.8)
Pain assessment and measurement (13.56) (23.1) (7.9) (16.3) (23.5) (6.7) (1.2) (18.6) (20.3) (4.4)
Interprofessional and multiprofessional collaboration 6 (15.4) 3 (8.6) 20 (14.7) 23 (19.7) 1 (6.7) 0 (0) 13 (13.3) 4 (25) 2 (2)
Pain assessment 15 (38.5) 4 (11.4) 37 (27.2) 39 (33.3) 1 (6.7) 1 (5) 27 (27.6) 4 (25) 5 (4.9)
Pain impact on quality of life 11 (28.2) 3 (8.6) 23 (16.9) 30 (25.6) 2 (13.3) 0 (0) 23 (23.5) 3 (18.8) 8 (7.8)
Evaluation of outcomes 4 (10.3) 1 (2.9) 9 (6.6) 17 (15.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 10 (10.2) 2 (12.5) 3 (2.9)
Management of pain (10.28) (17.5) (6.7) (13.3) (17.8) (3.3) (4.2) (13.9) (12.5) (3.3)
Pharmacological methods 13 (33.3) 6 (17.1) 34 (25) 36 (30.8) 0 (0) 4 (20) 10 (10.2) 4 (25) 0 (0)
Non-pharmacological approaches 9 (23.1) 3 (8.6) 24 (17.6) 33 (28.2) 0 (0) 0 (0) 24 (24.5) 2 (12.5) 7 (6.9)
Psychological approaches 8 (20.5) 2 (5.7) 20 (14.7) 23 (19.7) 2 (13.3) 1 (5) 12 (12.2) 1 (6.3) 12 (11.8)
Rehabilitation approaches 4 (10.3) 1 (2.9) 12 (8.8) 5 (4.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 22 (22.4) 3 (18.8) 0 (0)
Surgical approaches 3 (7.7) 1 (2.9) 9 (6.6) 12 (10.3) 0 (0) 1 (0) 2 (2) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Other non-pharmacological 4 (10.3) 1 (2.9) 10 (7.4) 16 (13.7) 1 (6.7) 0 (0) 12 (12.2) 2 (12.5) 1 (1)
Clinical conditions (13.62) (24.5) (8.6) (16.5) (17.8) (2.9) (7.8) (19) (22.3) (3.2)
Type(s) of pain (neuropathic pain, nociceptive pain) 17 (43.6) 8 (22.9) 49 (36) 40 (34.2) 1 (6.7) 3 (15) 38 (38.8) 8 (50) 6 (5.9)
Distinction between commonly used pain terms in clinical practice (e.g. allodynia, analgesia, dysesthesia, hyperalgesia) 9 (23.1) 2 (5.7) 22 (16.2) 14 (12) 0 (0) 2 (10) 20 (20.4) 4 (25) 0 (0)
Pain in older adults 6 (15.4) 0 (0) 6 (4.4) 14 (12) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (3.1) 1 (6.3) 1 (1)
Pain in special population (e.g., pain in people with psychiatric disorder or in individuals with substance abuse) 2 (5.1) 0 (0) 6 (4.4) 14 (12) 0 (0) 0 (0) 4 (4.1) 1 (6.3) 5 (4.9)
Distinction between acute, recurrent, incident, and or persistent pain 19 (48.7) 8 (22.9) 48 (35.3) 43 (36.8) 1 (6.7) 3 (15) 38 (38.8) 7 (43.8) 8 (7.8)
Pain in infants, children and adolescents 3 (7.7) 0 (0) 5 (3.7) 8 (6.8) 1 (6.7) 0 (0) 2 (2) 2 (12.5) 1 (1)
Specific pain problems (e.g., back pain, headache) 11 (28.2) 3 (8.6) 21 (15.4) 13 (11.1) 0 (0) 3 (15) 25 (25.5) 2 (12.5) 2 (2)
  1. Note: Data presented for subcategories as percentages (%) or number of respondents and percentages [n (%)], and data presented for general categories as percentages (%)