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Table 1 Sample distribution and summary statistics for participants in the study (N = 54,398)

From: Does academic interest play a more important role in medical sciences than in other disciplines? A nationwide cross-sectional study in China

Variables Sample size Percent or Mean (SD)
Gender
 Male 26,334 48.4
 Female 28,064 51.6
Disciplines
 Medical Sciences (MS) 1920 3.5
 Humanities (HU) 10,426 19.2
 Social Sciences (SS) 15,805 29.1
 Natural Sciences (NS) 5511 10.1
 Engineering (EG) 20,736 38.1
Type of Universities and Colleges
 Key Universities and Colleges 37,470 68.9
 Non-key Universities and Colleges 16,928 31.1
College Entrance Examination Score 54,398 86.2 (13.4)
Academic Tracks of High School
 Arts 17,554 32.3
 Sciences 36,844 67.7
Method of Admission
 First choice admission 23,661 43.5
 Non-first choice admission 30,737 56.5
Grade
 Freshmen 18,043 33.2
 Sophomores 14,704 27.0
 Juniors 13,102 24.1
 Seniors 8549 15.7
Family Factors
 ISEI of the father 54,398 30.9 (18.7)
 ISEI of the mother 54,398 26.9 (15.9)
 Education attainment of the father 54,398 10.5 (3.5)
 Education attainment of the mother 54,398 9.2 (4.1)
Family economic status
 Low level 30,075 55.3
 Middle level 18,219 33.5
 High level 6104 11.2
Home Location
 Rural areas 29,963 55.1
 Urban areas 24,435 44.9
  1. Note: The umbrella category of Medical Sciences includes eight majors which are basic medicine, clinical medicine, stomatology, public health and preventive medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, integrated western and Chinese medicine, pharmacology, and science of Chinese pharmacology. ISEI International Socio-Economic Index of occupational status. Educational attainment is indicated by the years of education received