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Table 3 Differences in Self-directed Learning and Perceived Clinical Competency Scores between Experimental and Control Groups (n = 91)

From: Effectiveness of a self-directed learning program using blended coaching among nursing students in clinical practice: a quasi-experimental research design

Independent variable and covariate Cont. Exp. F P value 95% CI
M+/−SD M+/−SD Lower Upper
Self-directed learning competency (total)
 Pretest (covariate) 161.14 ± 14.99 163.09 ± 17.77 1.35 0.249 −2.11 8.04
 Posttest 163.34 ± 17.42 167.94 ± 19.20
Planning
 Pretest (covariate) 66.89 ± 7.48 70.66 ± 9.64 0.23 0.632 −2.19 3.60
 Posttest 70.30 ± 8.61 73.51 ± 9.12
Implementation
 Pretest (covariate) 57.32 ± 5.78 55.85 ± 6.31 4.40 0.039 0.11 4.27
 Posttest 56.41 ± 6.62 57.38 ± 7.16
Evaluation
 Pretest (covariate) 36.93 ± 4.55 36.57 ± 4.50 0.75 0.390 −0.86 2.19
 Posttest 36.64 ± 4.96 37.04 ± 4.84
Perceived clinical competency
 Pretest (covariate) 156.43 ± 17.72 162.70 ± 23.98 0.09 0.768 −5.11 6.89
 Posttest 162.77 ± 21.88 168.87 ± 23.22