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Table 5 Hierarchical mapping of Non-Technical skills and multi-step development of AS-NTS

From: Anaesthesiology students’ Non-Technical skills: development and evaluation of a behavioural marker system for students (AS-NTS)

Non-Technical Skill Step 1: Literature Step 2: Focus group Step 3: Field Observation Part of rating tools
Highly important Important Skill (precursor skill) Observable Skill difficult to observe ANTS system AS-NTS
Situational awareness [26, 28, 30, 36,37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45]   *   * *  
Prioritising (Planning Tasks) [12, 31, 46] *   *   * * DIMENSION 1: Planning tasks, prioritising and problem solving
Decision-making [12, 28, 41, 42, 47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54] *   (*)   * *
Maintaining standards [31, 38, 39, 43, 54]   * (*)   * *
Coordinating team members and activities [39, 55] *   *   * * DIMENSION 2: Teamwork and leadership
Communication [12, 22, 26, 28,29,30,31, 38, 40, 41, 43,44,45,46,47, 49,50,51, 53,54,55,56,57,58,59] *   *    *
Leadership [7, 12, 16, 26, 29,30,31, 36, 39, 41,42,43,44, 46, 47, 55,56,57,58] *   *    *
Using authority and assertiveness [38, 39, 56]   * (*)   * *
Team-building [12, 28, 31, 36, 38, 39, 56]   * *    * DIMENSION 3: Team orientation
Team orientation/ Teamwork [12, 28, 29, 31, 36, 38, 39, 45, 46, 56,57,58] *   *   * *
Resolving conflicts/ problems [12, 39, 42, 47, 56]   *   *   
Supporting others [22, 28, 39, 42]   *   * *