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Table 2 Impact of call on resident wellness factors, burnout, and sleepa

From: The association between objectively-measured activity, sleep, call responsibilities, and burnout in a resident cohort

   Call   Self-reported Burnout  
Cohort N = 28 High Call N = 11 Low Call N = 17 P valueb Symptoms N = 6 No symptoms N = 22 P valueb
Gender F, N (%) 14 (50) 5 (46) 9 (53) 1.000 6 (100) 8 (36) 0.016
Call group highc, N (%) 11 (39.3) 3 (50) 8 (36) 0.653
Wellness factorsd, mean (SD)
Professional Fulfillment 2.6 (0.8) 2.6 (0.7) 2.6 (0.8) 0.857
Appreciation 2.8 (0.8) 3.1 (0.7) 2.6 (0.8) 0.106
Values Alignment 2.4 (0.9) 2.4 (0.5) 2.4 (0.9) 0.933
Training Satisfaction 2.1 (0.9) 2.2 (1.0) 2.0 (0.9) 0.607
Peer Support 2.1 (0.8) 2.2 (0.7) 2.0 (0.8) 0.776
Emotional Exhaustion 2.6 (0.7) 2.7 (0.7) 2.5 (0.7) 0.399
Interpersonal Disengagement 2.2 (0.7) 2.3 (0.7) 2.1 (0.7) 0.418
Negative Impact of Work on Personal Relationships 3.0 (1.1) 3.4 (0.9) 2.7 (1.2) 0.161
Sleep Quality 2.8 (0.8) 2.9 (0.9) 2.8 (0.8) 0.679
Self-reported Burnout groupe, N (%) 6 (21.4) 3 (27) 3 (18) 0.653
Asleep (min), mean (SD) 362.4 (97.9) 386.6 (60.8) 346.8 (114.8) 0.303 391.3 (42.6) 354.5 (107.6) 0.424
Time awake (min) in bed, mean (SD) 23.3 (21.0) 19.2 (10.1) 26.0 (25.8) 0.415 20.3 (6.9) 24.1 (23.5) 0.700
Times awakened, N (%) 11.0 (4.9) 10.6 (5.4) 11.3 (4.7) 0.700 11.9 (4.5) 10.8 (5.1) 0.657
Time in bed (min), mean (SD) 387.1 (94.5) 406.6 (58.0) 374.5 (111.9) 0.391 412.7 (45.9) 380.1 (103.6) 0.464
Resting heart rate (bpm), mean (SD) 67.1 (6.2) 66.9 (5.5) 67.2 (6.7) 0.904 71.6 (3.6) 65.9 (6.2) 0.044
  1. aData tracked using Fitbit Charge HR™ and Survey 2
  2. bStudent T-test for continuous variables and Fischer’s Exact test for categorical variables
  3. cHigh call load categorized as greater than or equal to 7 days of in house call or 24 days of home call in past 4 weeks
  4. dLikert scale: values for each item were set to score ‘high burnout’ or a negative response as the highest value (5) and ‘low burnout’ or a positive response (1)
  5. eBurnout describes self-reported burnout symptoms or a score of ≥3
  6. Abbreviations: bpm, beats per minute; F, female; min, minutes; SD, standard deviation