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Table 2 Characteristics of participants and homogeneity tests between the experimental and control groups (N = 42)

From: Effects of an evidence-based practice education program using multifaceted interventions: a quasi-experimental study with undergraduate nursing students

Variables Characteristics Experimental Group (n = 22)
n (%)
Control Group (n = 22)
n (%)
χ2 or t p value
Gender Female 22 (100.0) 22 (100.0)
Age (yr) ≤24 22 (100.0) 20 (90.9) 0.488
≥25 0 2 (9.1)
Mean ± SD 22.82 ± 0.40 23.18 ± 0.85
Religion Yes 7 (31.8) 10 (45.5) 0.86 0.353
No 15 (68.2) 12 (54.5)
Satisfaction with nursing major Very satisfied 1 (4.5) 1 (4.5) 5.21a 0.090
Satisfied 15 (68.2) 8 (36.4)
Neutral 6 (27.3) 12 (54.5)
Dissatisfied 0 1 (4.5)
Very dissatisfied 0 0
Satisfaction with clinical practice Very satisfied 0 1 (4.5) 6.07a 0.123
Satisfied 10 (45.5) 4 (18.2)
Neutral 11 (50.0) 12 (54.5)
Dissatisfied 1 (4.5) 4 (18.2)
Very dissatisfied 0 1 (4.5)
Importance of nursing research Very important 9 (40.9) 12 (54.5) 1.55a 0.547
Important 12 (54.5) 10 (45.5)
Neutral 1 (4.5) 0
Not important 0 0   
Not very important 0 0   
Average academic performance ≤4.0 2 (9.1) 3 (13.6) 1.48a 0.835
3.5 3.99 9 (40.9) 7 (31.8)
3.0 3.49 11 (50.0) 11 (50.0)
2.5 2.99 0 1 (4.5)
< 2.5 0 0   
Outcome variables (range of score) Mean ± SD Mean ± SD t p value
EBP knowledge (1–5) 3.26 ± 0.40 3.27 ± 0.46 −0.12 0.907
EBP attitudes (1–5) 3.67 ± 0.36 3.79 ± 0.32 −1.15 0.256
EBP competencies (1–5) 3.06 ± 0.48 3.04 ± 0.61 0.14 0.891
Future use of EBP (1–5) 3.83 ± 0.51 3.84 ± 0.55 −0.08 0.936
Critical thinking (1–5) 3.39 ± 0.35 3.35 ± 0.49 0.33 0.744
  1. EBP Evidence Based Practice
  2. a Fisher’s Exact Test