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Table 1 Comparison between students’ performance (case vs. control)

From: Learning by teaching basic life support: a non-randomized controlled trial with medical students

Assessment (maximum) Group n x ± s p value
Theoretical pre-test (20 marks) Case 36 10,1 ± 2,9 0,137a
Control 37 11,1 ± 2,6
Theoretical post-test (20 marks) Case 34 16,4 ± 1,7 0,005 a
Control 37 15,0 ± 2,3
1st practical assessment (17 marks) Case 53 13,4 ± 2,1c 0,050b
Control 38 14,2 ± 1,6c
2nd practical assessment (17 marks) Case 50 15,3 ± 1,2 c 0,001 b
Control 36 14,4 ± 1,4 c
Self-assessment
(10 marks)
Case 50 8,6 ± 0,8c 0,671b
Control 37 8,6 ± 0,6
Global rating scale
(10 marks)
Case 53 9,4 ± 0,6c 0,086b
Control 36 9,1 ± 0,6
  1. x ± s – mean ± standard deviation
  2. aStudent’s T test
  3. bMann Whitney test
  4. cNonparametric