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Table 3 Multiple regression analysis: Predictors of self-perceived cultural responsiveness

From: Predictors of self-perceived cultural responsiveness in entry-level physiotherapy students in Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand

  CAS CCB Total CCA
Predictor variable B SE B t B SE B t B SE B t
Gender (reference group: Male)
 Female 0.06 0.04 1.81 −0.03 0.09 −0.32 0.01 0.05 0.36
 Age 0.01 0.04 0.33 0.06 0.09 0.65 0.03 0.05 0.65
Speaks a language other than English (reference group: yes)
 No 0.07 0.05 1.52 0.13 0.11 1.13 0.10 0.07 1.49
Prior cultural related education or training (reference group: yes)
 No −0.06 0.05 −1.24 −0.08 0.12 −0.67 − 0.07 0.07 − 0.99
 Living in a culturally diverse areaa −0.03 0.04 − 0.91 − 0.05 0.09 − 0.60 − 0.04 0.05 − 0.82
 Number of weeks of clinical placement attended −0.01 0.03 − 0.33 − 0.26 0.08 −3.29* − 0.14 0.05 −2.87*
Self-identified ethnoculture (reference group: Australian)
 Indigenous (NZ Maori or Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) 0.12 0.12 0.99 0.33 0.29 1.14 0.22 0.17 1.31
 New Zealander −0.04 0.06 −0.59 −0.21 0.15 −1.37 −0.12 0.09 −1.36
 Non Australian/New Zealander −0.04 0.05 −0.85 0.15 0.12 1.25 0.05 0.07 0.76
 Australian/New Zealander mixed with other ethnoculture 0.01 0.05 0.13 −0.06 0.13 −0.50 −0.03 0.08 −0.38
Religion (reference group: no religion)
 Christianity 0.05 0.04 1.39 0.17 0.09 1.95 0.11 0.05 2.13
 Buddhism −0.42 0.08 −0.51 0.19 0.20 0.97 0.08 0.12 0.64
 Islam −0.13 0.12 −1.09 0.53 0.29 1.85 0.20 0.17 1.18
 Hinduism 0.02 0.10 0.22 0.18 0.25 0.71 0.10 0.15 0.68
 Other Religion 0.31 0.14 2.31 0.66 0.33 2.00 0.48 0.19 2.49
 Social Desirability −0.005 0.03 −0.14 0.46 0.08 5.74* 0.23 0.05 4.79*
 Dogmatism −0.31 0.04 −8.87* − 0.43 0.09 −5.04* − 0.37 0.05 −7.34*
  1. CAS Cultural Awareness and Sensitivity, CCB Cultural Competence Behaviour, CCA Cultural Competency Assessment, NZ Aotearoa New Zealand, B unstandardized coefficient, SE B standard error for unstandardized coefficient, t t test statistics
  2. aData based on the percentage of overseas born population from non-English speaking countries living in the local government area or district in which participants live
  3. *p < 0.01