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Table 1 Examples of cases used in curriculum with topics in interpretation, short- and long-term management, and patient education

From: Preclinical curriculum of prospective case-based teaching with faculty- and student-blinded approach

Age/Sex Diagnosis Interpretation Management Patient Education # of patient visits
57 / F Recurrent pancreatitis and erythema nodosum • Differential diagnosis for 1) left upper quadrant abdominal pain, 2) erythema nodosum, and 3) recurrent pancreatitis
• Bedside index of severity in acute pancreatitis (BISAP) score
• Cornerstones of pancreatitis management in inpatient & outpatient setting • Counseling patients with fear of going to Emergency Department 3
82 / M Serotonin syndrome secondary to polypharmacy in the elderly • Medication interactions in setting of serotonin syndrome
• Physical exam findings in serotonin syndrome
• Differential diagnosis for 1) delirium and 2) myalgia
• Consolidating medications
• Home safety evaluation
• Diabetes control
• Primary prevention of myocardial infarction
• Managing neuropathic pain and myalgia
• Teaching self-monitoring of blood glucose
• Substance use counseling
• Educating family caregivers
49 / M Secondary gout & cardiovascular disease in Hodgkin’s Lymphoma survivor • Long-term complications in survivors of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma after treatment
• Differential diagnosis for 1) foot pain and 2) chest pain
• Management of gout
• Post-splenectomy vaccinations
• Cardiology & nutrition referrals
• Managing aortic stenosis after identifying cause
• Dietary counseling for gout
• Weight loss counseling
55 / F Type 2 Diabetes • Criteria for diagnosing diabetes
• Changes in hemoglobin A1C and lipid panel in the setting of weight change
• Dietary recommendations to promote weight loss
• Diabetes management
• Referrals to nutrition, sleep clinic, and psychology
• Managing care for patients who irregularly follow-up
• Lifestyle counseling and motivational interviewing for weight loss
• Reviewing food questionnaire results