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Table 1 Educational aims of online vs. practical courses

From: Flipped classroom frameworks improve efficacy in undergraduate practical courses – a quasi-randomized pilot study in otorhinolaryngology

Item Online course – gaining knowledge Practical course – applying knowledge
Anatomy & physiology • Refreshing knowledge • Identifying anatomical landmarks
• 3D orientation
Medical history • Special features of ORL- anamnesis • Perform ORL-adapted anamnesis
ORL-examination • Examination structure
• Instruments
- Names
- Purpose
- Handling – theoretically
• Physiological findings
• Reproducing structured examination
• Practice handling of instruments
• Identifying non-physiological findings
Further diagnostics • Basics
- Audiometry
- Vestibular diagnostics
- ENT-radiology
• Recognizing pathological audiometry/vestibular diagnostics
• Indication for radiological examinations
Surgery • Principles of common surgeries
• Behavioural rules (operating room)
• Better orientation when visiting the operating room