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Table 1 Overview of MMI stations

From: Validity evidence for the Hamburg multiple mini-interview

Station number Type Main task Example of behavioural descriptors on score sheets related to empathy and communication skills
1 Simulation find a balance between one’s own interests and another person’s needs and motives • recognises SP’s loneliness and the need for company
• active listening
2 Interview respond to a past-behavioural question concerning a situation in which the candidate felt frustrated • thinks about possible reasons, motives and feelings of the other persons involved; coherently justifies his/her thoughts
• structures his/her description
3 Simulation reject a request of a worried patient • demonstrates sympathy for the SP’s worries about his/her partner and for the insecurity of not knowing the diagnosis
• communicates clearly
4 Interview describe observations made in a video of an interaction between a mother and a son • considers the structure of the relationship between the two in his/her analysis
• descriptions are precise, […] to the point
5 Simulation address a conflict (in a monologue) • demonstrates appreciation for the other person (e.g. empathises positive sides and similarities, expresses wishes, takes the other person’s perspective)
• describes clear motives
6 Simulation shared-decision making • expresses sympathy for feelings (e.g. desire for independence, disappointment / anger because of family, fear)
• speaks clearly, slowly and comprehensibly
7 Interview reflect on and interpret emotional statements by patients • names emotions and thoughts
• description is vivid and allows for a good understanding of the emotional situation
  1. SP = simulated patient