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Table 1 The percentages of individual and group feedback moments, provided by specialists or residents, that include the focus of feedback specified in the first column and/or that satisfy the specific characteristics of feedback, and differences between these percentagesa

From: Clinical workplace learning: perceived learning value of individual and group feedback in a collectivistic culture

Characteristic feedback The percentage of reported feedback moments (Number of Students = 215) Logistic regression
Individual feedback Group feedback
specialist
(nfm = 515) (%)
resident
(nfm = 1020) (%)
specialist
(nfm = 1760) (%)
resident
(nfm = 927) (%)
predictorb eβ (OR) 95% CI
Lower Upper
Focus feedback
 History taking 40 39 46 44 ft 1.257* 1.100 1.438
 Physical examination 61 61 56 57 ft .836* .731 .956
 Clinical judgment 61 51 63 58 ft 1.232* 1.078 1.407
     fp .764** .671 .869
 Patient management 46 42 54 51 ft 1.435** 1.257 1.639
 Patient counselling 14 14 22 14 ft 1.708** 1.303 2.238
     fp .996 .736 1.347
     ft*fp .587* .405 .851
 Professional behaviour 16 17 30 17 ft 2.152** 1.667 2.777
     fp 1.019 .765 1.357
     ft*fp .470** .331 .666
 Compare students’ performance to the standard 30 33 52 42 ft 2.447** 1.984 3.017
     fp 1.125 .895 1.414
     ft*fp .602** .455 .795
 Information on correct performance deficiency provided 72 70 55 57 ft .523** .456 .602
 Plan to improve performance provided 17 16 28 24 ft 1.759** 1.489 2.078
  1. *p < .01; **p < .001
  2. aOR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval, ft. feedback type (0 = individual, 1 = group), fp feedback provider (0 = specialist, 1 = resident), ft.*fp interaction feedback type*feedback provider, nfm number of feedback moments
  3. bonly significant predictors were included in the table